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Asisium  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Asisium (mod. Assisi), birthplace (probably) of *Propertius, *municipium of *Umbria on the western slopes of the Apennines. It played little part in history until captured by Totila c. ... More

Aspendus  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aspendus, a city in *Pamphylia whose inhabitants claimed kinship with the Argives (see hellenism; argos (1)). Linguistic evidence shows that most of the inhabitants were of Anatolian origin (see ... More

Assos  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
An impregnable site in the southern Troad (*Troas), facing south towards *Lesbos (it was originally colonized from *Methymna) and controlling the coast road. The *harbour is artificial. ... More

Atella  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Atella, *Campanian city, in the Clanis valley. The site was inhabited from the 7th cent. bce and urbanized in the 4th. Atella was a Roman ally (see socii) by 338 but defected in 211. It ... More

Ateste  

D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ateste (mod. Este) has given its name to one of the principal iron age cultures of northern Italy, lasting from the 9th cent. bce until its peaceful annexation by Rome in 184 bce. Until ce ... More

Athos  

Max Cary and Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A headland on the easternmost of the Chalcidian promontories (see chalcidice), with a conspicuous pyramid-shaped peak rising sheer from the sea to 1,935 m. (6,350 feet). In 492 bce a ... More

Atina  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Atina (mod. Atene Lucana), in Italy, *Lucanian city in the Valle di Diano. *Oscan and Greek inscriptions indicate a Hellenized (see hellenism) Oscan settlement from the 5th cent. bce, but it was not ... More

Atlantic Ocean  

Duane W. Roller

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The Atlantic Ocean (literally “the Ocean of Atlas”) was known to Greeks since the time of Homer, but the term did not come into use until the 5th century bce, because of mythological ... More

Atlantis  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Atlantis, i.e. ‘(the island of) *Atlas’, ‘the island lying in the Atlantic’; the oldest surviving wonderland in Greek philosophy. *Plato (1) is the earliest and chief source for the story, said to ... More

Atlas mountains  

R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Atlas mountains, the great range which formed the backbone of Roman Africa. Its highest peaks are in the Great Atlas to the west, in present-day Morocco (the loftiest is Djebel Toubkal, 4,167 m. ... More

Atria  

D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Atria (mod. Adria), a coastal city in the north of the Po delta (see padus), now nearly 20 km. (12½ mi.) from the sea. From the late 6th cent. bce onwards it was an important entrepôt for Greek and ... More

Attica  

Robin Osborne

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
the territory of *Athens consisting in a triangular promontory some 2,400 sq. km. (930 sq. mi.) in area divided from the rest of the Greek mainland by the mountain range of *Parnes. Attic topography ... More

Aufidus  

Edward Togo Salmon and D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aufidus (mod. Ofanto), the most important river of southern Italy. A powerful stream in winter and sluggish creek in summer, it rises near the Tyrrhenian Sea but flows into the Adriatic, through the ... More

Augusta Traiana  

John Wilkes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Augusta Traiana or Beroe (mod. Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) was a Roman city of *Thrace founded by Trajan to replace the Thracian-Hellenistic Beroe in the north of the Thracian plain, ... More

Augusta Treverorum  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Augusta Treverorum (mod. Trier), *civitas-capital of the *Treveri, developed from a settlement around a fort established under Augustus to guard a crossing of the Moselle. In the early ... More

Augusta Vindelic(or)um  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Augusta Vindelic(or)um (mod. Augsburg), probably originated in a civil settlement around an Augustan military base protecting an important crossroads-site, and was designated capital of *Raetia by ... More

Augustodunum  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Augustodunum (‘Augustusville’: mod. Autun), civitas-capital of the *Aedui, was founded c.12 bce in the plain of the Arroux to replace the hill-town of *Bibracte and demonstrate Roman cultural ... More

Aulis  

John Buckler

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Small Greek city near *Tanagra, on a rocky peninsula between two bays. Its most famous monument is the temple of Artemis and its neighbouring buildings. The best harbour in northern *Boeotia, Aulis ... More

A(u)sculum Satrianum  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A(u)sculum Satrianum, *Daunian city, 28 km. (17 mi.) SW of Foggia. It was an important city in the 4th–3rd cent. bce, but suffered after its revolt and consequent sack in 89 bce. Its territory was ... More

Auximum  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Auximum (mod. Osimo) with well-preserved ancient walls, hill-town of *Picenum, 17 km. (10 ½ mi.) from the Adriatic. Becoming a Roman colony (128 bce?), it developed into a flourishing place, which ... More

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