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Bucephalas  

R. M. Errington

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Bucephalas, *Alexander (3) the Great's favourite Thessalian horse, bought for thirteen talents and broken in by Alexander himself; named after his ox-head brandmark. Alexander gave the ... More

Callias (4), Athenian nobleman, c. 450–370 BCE  

Victor Ehrenberg and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Athenian nobleman, grandson of Callias (1), notorious for his wealth and extravagance. He was *Dadouchos of the Eleusinian mysteries (see callias (1)). He was ridiculed by comic poets, and ... More

Callias (1), son of Hipponicus, prominent Athenian, 5th cent. BCE  

Theodore John Cadoux and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Callias (1), son of Hipponicus, of one of the richest families in 5th-cent. Athens; the family was also religiously important as one of the *genos Kerykes, which supplied some of the priests for the ... More

Callias (6), Athenian agent and diplomat of Ptolemy (1)  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Callias (6), son of Thymochares (cf. Thuc. 8. 95. 2 with CT III, 1028 f. for a probable ancestor) of Sphettus (an Athenian *deme), Athenian in Ptolemaic service (see ptolemy (1)) but active in ... More

Callias (3), son of Calliades, Athenian politician, 5th cent. BCE  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Athenian politician, probably proposer of the ‘Callias Decrees’ which put Athenian finances on a war footing (ML 58 of probably 434/3, though later dates have been argued for), also of alliances with ... More

Callias (5), of Syracuse, Greek historian at court of Agathocles (1)  

Godfrey Louis Barber and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Callias (5), of *Syracuse, lived at the court of *Agathocles (1), tyrant of Syracuse (316–289 bce), and wrote a history of his reign in 22 books. It so favoured Agathocles that Callias was ... More

Callias, Peace of  

Ugo Fantasia

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Peace of Callias was a mid-5th-century peace treaty, presented by most sources as fully advantageous to Athens, that ended the wars between Athens and Persia. Its historicity is ... More

Callicrates (2), Achaean politician and strategos, 179/178 BCE  

R. M. Errington

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Callicrates (2), son of Theoxenos of Leontion, (died 149/8 bce), Achaean politician, opponent of *Lycortas and *Polybius (1). As envoy to Rome in 180/79 he urged the senate to support its ... More

Callicratidas, Spartan admiral  

Stephen Hodkinson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Spartan admiral who succeeded and quarrelled with *Lysander in 406 bce. After cowing *Lysander's partisans and refusing to wait for Persian money, he assembled a large fleet (140–170 ... More

Callimachus (1), Athenian polemarchos  

Piero Treves and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Callimachus (1), Athenian *polemarchos and (though this is controversial) commander-in-chief in the campaign of *Marathon, 490. Herodotus (6. 109) says he was polemarch ‘by lot’ but the lot was not ... More

Callisthenes, of Olynthus, historian, d. 327 BCE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Nephew of *Aristotle, he collaborated with the philosopher in compiling the official list of Pythian victors (see pythian games), and by 336 he had produced a monograph on the Third ... More

Callistratus (2), Athenian politician  

C. J. Tuplin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A nephew of *Agyrrhius, he prosecuted ambassadors who favoured peace with *Sparta in 392/1 bce, but his ascendancy began with the *Second Athenian Confederacy, for which he devised a tribute system ... More

careers, Greek  

John Davies

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In virtually all the Greek-speaking areas, pressures to evolve clear career structures in public life were countered by social or political considerations, thereby preventing the emergence of ... More

Cassander, d. 297 BCE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Cassander (d. 297 bce), son of *Antipater (1), represented his father at Babylon (323), where *Alexander (3) the Great treated him with naked hostility. In the struggles of the Successors he first ... More

Cephalas, Constantinus, ‘Big-head’  

Gilbert Highet

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Constantinus Cephalas (‘Big-head’) held an official post in the palace at Constantinople in 917 ce. Some time before this he compiled an anthology of Greek epigrams, on which the Greek ... More

Cephisodorus (2), Greek historian  

Online publication date:
Mar 2016

Cephisodorus of Athens or Thebes (1), wrote a history of the Third *Sacred War.

Cersobleptes  

James Maxwell Ross Cormack and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Cersobleptes (or Cersebleptes, IG 2. 65 b), the Odrysian king (see thrace), son of Cotys I. Cersobleptes found himself, when he came to the throne in 360 bce, engaged in a war, which he had inherited ... More

Chabrias, c. 420–357/356 BCE  

George Law Cawkwell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Chabrias (c. 420–357/6 bce), of Athens, a professional soldier who for over 30 years was frequently engaged in warfare for Athens (being a general at least thirteen times) and for the kings of ... More

Chaerephon, Athenian, 5th cent. BCE  

Michael Gagarin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Chaerephon (5th cent. bce), Athenian, of the *deme of Sphettus, a friend and enthusiastic admirer of *Socrates. With other democrats he was banished by the *Thirty Tyrants and returned with ... More

Chaeronea, battles of  

John F. Lazenby

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The town of *Chaeronea commands the route south down the *Cephissus valley. In 338 bce*Philip (1) II of Macedonia won a crushing victory over an alliance of southern Greek states, led by Athens and ... More

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