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Argos, cults  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The main cult of the polis of *Argos (1) was that of *Hera (already ‘Argive’ in Homer, Il. 4. 8 = 5.908), based c. 10 km. (6 mi.) north-east of the city across the Argive plain, between *Mycenae and ... More

Argus  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Son of Zeus and the Argive Niobe (daughter of *Phoroneus), eponym of the city of *Argos (1) (Apollod. 2. 1. 1), part of archaic Argive mythological propaganda. His grave, not far from that of his ... More

Ariadne  

Herbert Jennings Rose, Charles Martin Robertson, and B. C. Dietrich

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ariadne, daughter of *Minos and Pasiphaë. In Cnossus *Daedalus built her a dancing-floor (Il. 18. 592), perhaps the Daidaleion on Linear B tablet KN Fpl. She fell in love with *Theseus and gave him a ... More

Arimaspeans  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A fabulous one-eyed tribe from the distant north whose name (Ἀριμασποί) *Herodotus (1) claims to be able to derive from Scythian arima ‘one’, spou ‘eye’ (4. 27; cf. 3. 116 and 4. 13). He and ... More

Arion (1)  

Madeleine Jost

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In Homer (Il. 23. 346–7), Arion (Ἀρείων) is the ‘swift horse’, ‘divine in origin’, of *Adrastus (1). His mythological origins lie in *Arcadia. According to Pausanias (8. 25. 5), he was born at ... More

Arisbe  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arisbe, name of two Greek cities (IACP nos 768, 795): (1) in *Troas, a colony of *Miletus, subordinate to neighbouring *Abydos by the 3rd cent. bce (Polyb. 5. 111), but apparently surviving as a ... More

Aristaeus  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristaeus, Greek culture-hero or demigod, with a bewildering number of associations. His imminent birth to *Apollo and the nymph Cyrene is prophesied by Chiron (see centaurs) in *Pindar, Pyth. 9. 59 ... More

Aristeas  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristeas, of Proconnesus in the *Propontis. Like *Abaris and *Zalmoxis, a legendary wisdom-figure associated with the cult of *Apollo, reflecting early Greek contacts with *Scythian ... More

Aristias  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristias, tragic poet, son of *Pratinas of Phlius. In 467 bce he won second prize with plays of his father's when competing against *Aeschylus (hyp. Aesch. Sept.). He probably won his first victory ... More

Aristodemus (1), mythical king of Messenia  

Arthur Maurice Woodward

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristodemus (1), the traditional hero of the First Messenian War (c.735–715 bce; see sparta). When the Messenians had withdrawn to their stronghold of *Ithome in the fifth year of the war, he offered ... More

Aristomenes (1), traditional Messenian hero  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristomenes (1), a traditional hero of *Messenian resistance to Sparta, usually assigned to the Second Messenian War of c.650 bce but sometimes associated with a possible Messenian revolt ... More

Arrephoria  

Christiane Sourvinou-Inwood

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Athenian festival, at which a rite is performed by the arrhēphoroi, two or four girls between the ages of 7 and 11, chosen by the basileus (see archontes) to serve *Athena Polias (cf. e.g. schol. Ar. ... More

Artemis  

Christiane Sourvinou-Inwood

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Daughter of *Zeus and *Leto, *Apollo's elder twin sister, a very important Olympian deity, a virgin and a huntress, who presided over crucial aspects of life. She presided over women's transitions ... More

Ascalabus  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ascalabus, in mythology, son of Misme, an Attic woman. His mother gave *Demeter, who was looking for *Persephone, a vessel of water, meal, and pennyroyal; he laughed at her for drinking it ... More

Ascalaphus  

Kevin Clinton

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ascalaphus, in mythology, (1) son of *Ares; (2) son of Orphne (Ov. Met. 5. 539), or Gorgyra (Apollod. 1. 33), and Acheron. When *Persephone was in *Hades, *Zeus agreed that she could return if she ... More

Asclepius  

Fritz Graf

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Asclepius (Ἀσκληπιός, Dor.-Aeol. Ἀσκλαπιός, Boeot. also Ἀσχλαπιός, Αἰσχλαβιός; Lat. *Aesculapius), hero and god of healing.In *Homer's Iliad, he is a hero, the ‘blameless physician’ (formula in Il. ... More

Asteria  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Sister of *Leto and mother, by Perses, of *Hecate (Hes. Theog. 409–12). She was pursued by *Zeus and leapt, or was thrown, into the sea, becoming the island of *Ortygia or *Delos (*Pindar, Paean 7b. ... More

Astyanax  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Jenny March

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Astyanax or Scamandrius, (Il. 6. 402), young son of *Hector and *Andromache. At the capture of Troy he was flung from the walls by *Neoptolemus (1) (Little Iliad fr. 20 Davies) or killed by Odysseus ... More

Astyoche  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Astyoche, in mythology sister of *Priam and daughter of *Laomedon (Apollod. 3. 146). She married *Telephus (1) (Quint. Smyrn. 6. 135) and bore Eurypylus who came to the Trojan War and was killed by ... More

Atalanta  

Madeleine Jost

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A mythical heroine, daughter of Schoeneus, *Iasus, or Maenalus. According to *Apollodorus (6) (3. 9. 2) she was exposed at birth and nursed by a bear before being brought up by hunters. When she ... More

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