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Arria (2), 'the Younger', wife of P. Clodius Thrasea Paetus, 1st cent. CE  

Arnaldo Momigliano and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arria the Younger, daughter of *Arria (1), was wife of P. *Clodius Thrasea Paetus, mother of Fannia (who became the wife of *Helvidius Priscus), and relative of *Persius. She wished to die beside her ... More

Arrius Antoninus  

Guy Edward Farquhar Chilver

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arrius Antoninus, maternal grandfather of the emperor *Antoninus Pius, was suffect consul in 69 ce, proconsul of Asia under *Vespasian, and consul again in 97 under his friend, the emperor *Nerva. He ... More

Arrius Varus  

Ronald Syme

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arrius Varus, a Roman knight, served with distinction as praefectus cohortis under *Corbulo, but later is said to have defamed his old commander to Nero. In ce 69, when a *primipilus in one of the ... More

Arruntius, Lucius (1), Roman consul, 22 BCE  

Geoffrey Walter Richardson and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Lucius Arruntius, of non-senatorial family from Atina, was proscribed in 43 bce (see proscription), but escaped to Sextus *Pompeius. He returned to Italy in 39 after the treaty of *Misenum ... More

Arruntius, Lucius (2), Roman consul, 6 CE  

Theodore John Cadoux and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Lucius Arruntius,consul 6 ce and son of *Arruntius (1), also an orator. Wealth, connections, energy, accomplishments, and integrity made him one of the most influential senators of his time, but the ... More

Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus, Lucius  

John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Lucius Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus, consul 32 ce. Adopted son of L. *Arruntius (2), and descended from *Sulla and *Pompey, he was legate of *Dalmatia under *Gaius (1) and *Claudius. In ... More

Arruntius Scribonianus, Lucius (Furius)  

John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arruntius, son of L. *Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus but spared by *Claudius, claimed descent from Pompeius Magnus, i.e. *Pompey (ILS976), and was banished in 52 ce for consulting ... More

artillery  

Jonathan Coulston

Evidence for Greek and Roman artillery comes from the surviving technical treatises, incidental historical and subliterary references, and, most importantly, finds of both machine-fittings and ... More

Arverni  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arverni, an advanced iron age people, occupying modern Auvergne, who contested the primacy of Gaul with the *Aedui (Caes. BGall. 1. 31. 3). In 207 bce they treated with *Hasdrubal (2) (Livy 27. 39. ... More

Asia, Roman province  

William Moir Calder, Eric William Gray, and Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
*Attalus III of Pergamum bequeathed his kingdom to the Romans. After his death in 133 bce it was constituted as provincia Asia by M. *Aquillius (1). Originally it consisted of Mysia, the ... More

Asinius Gallus, Gaius  

Ronald Syme and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Asinius Gallus, Gaius, son of C. *Asinius Pollio, born in 41 bce, was consul 8 bce and proconsul of Asia 6–5 bce. He had married *Vipsania Agrippina (1) when *Tiberius had to divorce her ... More

Asinius Pollio, Gaius, 76 BCE–4 CE  

Alexander Hugh McDonald and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Gaius Asinius Pollio (76 bce– 4 ce), supported *Caesar, as praetor in 45, commanding in Spain in 44, and then joined Antony (M. *Antonius (2)); in Cisalpine Gaul in 41 he saved *Virgil's property ... More

Asinius Quadratus, Gaius  

Howard Hayes Scullard and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Asinius Quadratus, Gaius, author of the Thousand Years (Χιλιετηρίς), a fifteen-book history of Rome from the beginnings to Severus Alexander with a Greek slant (it was written in Ionic Greek and ... More

Astures  

Simon J. Keay

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A group of at least twelve peoples situated on the Cantabrian coastline and interior between the Callaeci and Cantabri. Before the Augustan conquest they shared the social and economic ... More

Ateius Capito (1), Gaius, Roman tribune, 55 BCE  

Theodore John Cadoux and Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ateius Capito (1), Gaius, of undistinguished family, was tribune 55 bce. He opposed the consuls *Pompey and *Crassus, and stigmatized the latter's proposed attack on Parthia as a war of unjust ... More

Athens, Roman  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
(See achaia; greece, roman). Friendly with Rome from 229 bce (Polyb. 2. 12. 8), Athens was rewarded for her support against *Perseus (2) with the gift of *Delos (166 bce), its possession fuelling an ... More

Atia (1), mother of Octavian and Octavia (2), d. 43 BCE  

Arnaldo Momigliano and Theodore John Cadoux

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Atia (1), daughter of M. *Atius Balbus and of Iulia, *Caesar's sister, was the wife of C. *Octavius and the mother of C. Octavius (the future *Augustus) and of *Octavia (2). After her husband's death ... More

Atia (2), sister of Atia (1)  

Theodore John Cadoux

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Atia (2), sister (presumably younger) of Atia (1). She married her sister's stepson, L. *Marcius Philippus (3), and had a daughter Marcia.

Atilius Caiatinus, Aulus  

Andrew Drummond

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Atilius Caiatinus (or Calatinus), Aulus, perhaps grandson of Q. *Fabius Maximus Rullianus, consul 258 and 254 bce, censor 247. He enjoyed mixed fortunes in Sicily in 258 but celebrated a ... More

Atilius Regulus, Marcus  

Andrew Drummond

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Consul in 267 and 256 bce (suffect). In 267 both consuls triumphed for successes against the Sallentini and the capture of *Brundisium. In 256 he and L. *Manlius Vulso Longus defeated the ... More

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