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fasti  

Alexander Hugh McDonald and Simon Price

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Strictly speaking, fasti were the days on which certain legal acts by the urban praetor (the legis actio) could take place, but the word came to mean the listing of days, fasti, nefasti (the ... More

Faunus  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John Scheid

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Faunus (apparently from the root of favere, ‘kindly one’, a euphemism, although this is debated: cf. Radke, Götter 119 ff., contraK. Latte, Gnomon1954, 18), a god of the forests, was especially ... More

Faustulus  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John Scheid

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Faustulus, a mythical figure, shepherd of King Amulius, husband of *Acca Larentia, who found *Romulus and Remus being suckled by the she-wolf. In a further rationalization his wife was the ... More

Febris  

John Scheid

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Patron goddess of fever (malaria, without doubt; see disease), belonging to a group of baleful divinities invoked by the Romans to stop them from exercising their powers. She possessed ... More

Felicitas  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John Scheid

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A goddess of good fortune and success in battle, not heard of till the middle of the 2nd cent. bce, when L. *Licinius Lucullus (1) dedicated her temple on the *Velabrum (see LTUR, 244–5 ... More

Feralia  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Feralia, Roman festival on 21 February which concluded the ancestors' festival (*Parentalia) which had begun on 13 February. Each household made offerings at the graves of its dead: Ov.Fast 2. 533 ... More

Feronia  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John Scheid

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Feronia (Fē-, Verg. Aen. 7. 800; Hor. Sat. 1. 5. 24; and elsewhere), an Italian goddess, of presumably Sabine origin. She was officially received in Rome during the 3rd cent. bce (272 according to ... More

festivals, Roman  

Herbert William Parke and Simon Price

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Roman festivals (Lat. feriae). The basic notion included not only the honouring of the gods, but also restrictions on public life: the courts were closed, some agricultural work was restricted, and ... More

fetiales  

John North

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Fetiales, priests of the Latin states, concerned with the procedures and laws of declaring wars and making treaties. Our information comes from Rome, where they formed a college (*collegium) of ... More

Fides  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John Scheid

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Fides, the Roman personification of good faith. Although her temple (on the *Capitol, near that of *Jupiter, with whom she is closely connected) is no older than 254 bce (see Ziolkowski, ... More

Filocalus, Furius Dionysius  

Wolfram Kinzig

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Furius Dionysius Filocalus, calligrapher of Pope *Damasus I (366–84 ce), produced many of Damasus' inscriptions in the Roman *catacombs. (See epigraphy, latin, § 9.) He is perhaps also the author of ... More

Firmicus Maternus, Iulius  

David Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Firmicus Maternus, Iulius, of *Syracuse, wrote (334–7ce) an astrological treatise, Mathesis, in eight books, the first containing an apologia for *astrology. In this book he promised to ... More

flamines  

John North

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Flamines, Roman priests within the college of the *pontifices. There were three major, twelve minor flamines, each of them assigned to the worship of a single deity, though this did not preclude ... More

Flora  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John Scheid

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Flora (Oscan Flusia: Conway, Ital. Dial. nos. 46; 175 a; L 24), an Italian goddess of flowering or blossoming plants, mainly cereals (also found in Agnone, Vittorino, and Furfo, as well as Rome). The ... More

folktale  

William Hansen

Folktales are traditional fictional stories. Unlike works of original literary fiction, they are normally anonymous narratives that have been transmitted from one teller to another over an ... More

Fontinalia  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Fontinalia, Roman festival on 13 October to Fons, god of *springs (Varro, Ling 6. 22; Horace'sFons Bandusiae ode [3.13] may refer to it, see Nisbet-Rudd ad loc.), outside the porta Fontinalis ... More

Fordicidia  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Fordicidia (Hordicidia in Sabine: Conway Ital. Dial. 1. 385; Varro, Rust. 2. 5. 6; Festus, Gloss. Lat. 225), Roman festival on 15 April, when a forda (pregnant cow) was sacrificed to *Tellus (Ov. ... More

Fornacalia  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Fornacalia, one of the movable *festivals (feriae conceptivae; cf. L. Delatte, Ant. Class. 1936, 391 ff.), tied to the Quirinalia (17 February) and celebrated then (Fasti Praenestini). It ... More

Fortuna/Fors  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Fortuna/Fors, the goddess of Chance or Luck, Greek *Tyche, of great importance in Italian and Roman religion, but not thought by the Romans to be part of the oldest stratum of their religious system ... More

fratres arvales  

Mary Beard

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Fratres arvales (arval brothers), a priestly college in Rome. Our detailed knowledge of the brotherhood comes from their inscribed records (now known as the Acta fratrum arvalium), found mostly on ... More

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