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Aemilius Paullus, Lucius (4), Roman consul, failed conspirator against Augustus, 1 CE  

Theodore John Cadoux, Robin Seager, and Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aemilius, Lucius, younger son of Paullus *Aemilius Lepidus and Cornelia, daughter of *Scribonia and a Scipio, and husband of *Iulia (4), was consul in ce 1. Towards ce 8 he conspired ... More

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus (1), Roman censor, 109 BCE  

Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aemilius, Marcus, of patrician, but recently impoverished and undistinguished family, according to Cicero had to work his way up like a *novus homo. He amassed wealth (not always reputably), gained ... More

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus (2), Roman praetor, 56 BCE  

Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aemilius, Marcus, son of M. *Aemilius Scaurus (1) and *Caecilia Metella (1), hence stepson of L. *Cornelius Sulla. Quaestor under *Pompeyc.65 bce, he intervened in Judaea and Nabataea, chiefly for ... More

Aeneas  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeneas, character in literature and mythology, son of *Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite. In the Iliad he is a prominent Trojan leader, belonging to the younger branch of the royal house, (13. ... More

Aeneas Tacticus  

David Whitehead

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeneas (Aineias) Tacticus, probably the Stymphalian general of the Arcadian koinon (see arcadian league) in 367 bce (Xen. Hell. 7. 3. 1); anyway the earlies (-surviving) and most ... More

Aenesidemus, of Cnossus, Sceptic philosopher  

Gisela Striker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Aenesidemus of Cnossus, sceptical philosopher, revived Pyrrhonism (see pyrrhon) in the 1st cent. bce, probably as a reaction to the decline of scepticism in the Academy under *Philon (3) ... More

Aenianes  

Peter Sidney Derow

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aenianes, a people situated east of *Dodona in the Homeric Catalogue (Il. 2. 749) who moved later into the upper Spercheios valley. There they developed into a tribal state and belonged to the Pylaic ... More

Aenus  

James Maxwell Ross Cormack and Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aenus, a flourishing Greek city, originally an Aeolic foundation (Hdt. 7. 58. 3), just east of the river Hebrus (Alc. fr. 29 Lobel) on the coast of *Thrace. The modern Enez is on the site of the ... More

Aeoliae insulae  

D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeoliae insulae, the volcanic Aeolian islands, 40 km. (25 mi.) north-east of Sicily, had a flourishing neolithic culture based on the obsidian industry and well represented in the Diana plain and ... More

Aeolis  

Donald Ernest Wilson Wormell and Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeolis, the territory of the northernmost group of Greek immigrants to the western coast of Asia Minor, covering the coastal strip from the entrance of the Hellespont to the mouth of the Hermus—a ... More

Aeolus  

J. N. Bremmer

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeolus, (1) the Homeric ruler of the winds (Od. 10. 1–79). Unlike Virgil (Aen. 1), Homer makes him a human by suppressing the idea that winds are minor deities. (See wind-gods.) He lives in Aeolia, a ... More

Aepytus  

Madeleine Jost

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aepytus, name of three heroes connected with Arcadia. (1) Aepytus son of Hippothoüs entered the abaton of *Poseidon at *Mantinea, and was blinded and killed by the god. (2) Youngest ... More

Aequi  

Edward Togo Salmon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aequi, simple Italic tribe inhabiting the valleys of the Himella, Tolenus, and upper *Anio; their dialect probably resembled Oscan (see sabellic languages). Expanding from the highlands towards ... More

aerarii  

Andrew Dominic Edwards Lewis

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aerarii, payers, were a class of Roman citizens who had incurred the *censors' condemnation for some moral or other misbehaviour. They were required to pay the poll-tax (*tributum) at a ... More

aerarium  

Graham Burton

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aerarium, derived from aes, denotes ‘treasury’. The main aerarium of Rome was the aerarium Saturni, so called from the temple below the Capitol, in which it was placed. Here were kept state ... More

Aërope  

Jenny March

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aërope, daughter of *Catreus, king of Crete, and given by her father to *Nauplius (2) to be sold overseas. She married *Atreus (or, in some versions, Pleisthenes) and gave birth to *Agamemnon and ... More

aes  

Michael Crawford

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aes, bronze, also more loosely copper or brass, hence (a) money, coinage, pay, period for which pay is due, campaign; (b) document on bronze. The earliest Roman monetary ... More

Aeschines (1), c. 397–c. 322 BCE  

George Law Cawkwell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeschines (1) (c. 397–c. 322 BCE), Athenian orator whose exchanges with *Demosthenes (2) in the courts in 343 and 330 provide a large part of the evidence for the relations of Athens and Macedon in ... More

Aeschines (2) Socraticus  

Michael Gagarin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
(4th cent. bce), of the *deme of Sphettus in Attica, a devoted follower of *Socrates, was present at his trial and death. He wrote speeches for the lawcourts and taught oratory, but fell ... More

Aeschylus, Athenian tragic dramatist  

Alan H. Sommerstein

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Aeschylus was probably born at *Eleusis in 525/4 bce (Marm. Par.). He fought at the battle of ... More

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