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biography, Greek  

Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
1. Biography in antiquity was not a rigidly defined genre. Bios, ‘life’, or bioi, ‘lives’, could span a range of types of writing, from *Plutarch's cradle-to-grave accounts of statesmen to ... More

Biottus  

Geoffrey Arnott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Biottus, Greek comic poet of the 2nd cent. bce, mentioned only in didascalic lists (see didaskalia). His Ποιητής (‘Poet’) was produced in 167, his Ἀγνοῶν (‘Man in Ignorance’) in 154 ... More

Biton, 3rd or 2nd cent. BCE  

Simon Hornblower

Biton (Βίτων) (3rd or 2nd cent. bce), the author of a small extant work on siege-engines, Κατασκευαὶ πολεμικῶν ὀργάνων καὶ καταπαλτικῶν (‘The Construction of War-machines and Catapults’; ... More

Boeo  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Boeo, short form of a woman's name (based on ‘Boeotian’ ?).(1) Legendary Delphian (see delphi) author of a *hymn mentioning *Hyperboreans and the prophet *Olen (Pausanias 10. 5. 7–8).(2) Either Boeo ... More

books, Greek and Roman  

H. Maehler

Books existed in *Egypt long before they came into use in Greece. Systems of writing had been invented and developed for administrative purposes in both Egypt and *Mesopotamia by c.3000 bce. While ... More

Caecilius (1), of Caleacte in Sicily, rhetor and historian, 1st cent. BCE  

Donald Russell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Said by some to have been a freedman of Jewish faith (see Suda). His range of interests and his literary outlook resemble those of *Dionysius (7) of Halicarnassus, who mentions him as a friend (Pomp. ... More

Callias (2), Athenian comic poet  

Kenneth Dover

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Callias won first prize at the City *Dionysia in 446 bce (IG 22. 2318, col. 3), and was active at least until 430 (IG 14. 1097. 5 f.). We have eight titles (including Ἀταλάνται), and 40 citations; ... More

Callias (5), of Syracuse, Greek historian at court of Agathocles (1)  

Godfrey Louis Barber and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Callias (5), of *Syracuse, lived at the court of *Agathocles (1), tyrant of Syracuse (316–289 bce), and wrote a history of his reign in 22 books. It so favoured Agathocles that Callias was ... More

Callimachus (3), of Cyrene, 'Battiades', Greek poet and scholar  

P. J. Parsons

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Greek poet and scholar, ‘Battiades’ (Epigr. 35), i.e. son (or descendant?) of Battus; his grandfather was a general (Epigr. 21). He flourished under *Ptolemy (1) II (285–246 bce) and continued into ... More

Callinus, Greek elegiac poet, mid-7th cent. BCE  

Martin Litchfield West

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Greek elegiac poet of the mid-7th cent. bce, from *Ephesus. The only extended fragment is a call to arms in defence of the city; it may have been delivered at a *symposium. Other fragments refer to ... More

Callistratus (1), Aristophanes' theatre producer, 5th cent. BCE  

Geoffrey Arnott

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Callistratus (1), thought by some to have been a comic poet, but best known as the man under whose name *Aristophanes (1) produced his three earliest plays.

Callistratus (3), Greek author of Σύμμικτα  

Nigel Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Callistratus (3), pupil of *Aristophanes (2) of Byzantium, commented on Homer and other authors, and wrote Σύμμικτα, ‘Miscellany’, quoted by *Athenaeus (1). He attacked his fellow-pupil ... More

Callistratus (5), Greek sophist, 3rd or 4th cent. CE  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Callistratus (3rd or 4th cent. ce), a sophist (see second sophistic) who wrote Descriptions of fourteen statues (including Lysippus’ Opportunity), in imitation of the Images of ... More

Callixeinus  

Klaus Meister

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Callixeinus (Καλλίξεινος), of Rhodes, probably 2nd cent. bce, wrote On Alexandria (see alexandria (1)) in at least four books. Two extensive verbal quotations are preserved in *Athenaeus ... More

canon  

Patricia E. Easterling

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
In Classical Greek the word kanōn (lit. ‘rod’) was used to mean ‘rule’ or ‘standard’; hence its use as the title of a manual on proportions by the sculptor *Polyclitus (2) and as the name of a statue ... More

Cantharus, Athenian comic poet  

Geoffrey Arnott

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Athenian comic poet, victorious at the *Dionysia in 422 bce (IG 22. 2318. 115 = 1 col. 8. 17 Mette).

Carcinus (1), Athenian dramatist, trierarch, and strategos, 5th cent. BCE  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Carcinus (1), son of Xenotimus of the Attic *deme of *Thoricus, a dramatist repeatedly mocked by *Aristophanes (1) along with his sons, who had a reputation as dancers (Clouds 1260 f., ... More

Carcinus (2), Athenian tragedian, fl. 4th cent. BCE  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Carcinus (2), son of *Xenocles and grandson of *Carcinus (1), a tragic poet who is said to have written 160 plays (*Suda). He competed at the *Lenaeac.376 bce, and won the first of his eleven ... More

Carcinus (3), of Naupactus, poet and playwright, 6th or 5th cent. BCE?  

Martin Litchfield West

Online publication date:
Mar 2016

Named by *Charon (2) of Lampsacus as author of the Naupactia, a genealogical epic (see genealogy) elsewhere cited anonymously. It included the *Argonaut story.

Castor of Rhodes, rhetorician, 1st cent. BCE  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Rhetorician, author of a six-book Chronological Tables covering oriental, Greek, and Roman history from *Belus and Ninus to *Pompey (61/0 bce), subsequently used by *Varro, *Plutarch, Sex. ... More

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