Herbert Jennings Rose and B. C. Dietrich
Atreus, in mythology, son of *Pelops and *Hippodamia and brother of Thyestes. In *Homer there is harmony between the brothers (Il. 2. 100–8), but from late epic on (Alcmaeonis in schol. Eur. Or. 995) they had shared an implacable feud. Atreus married *Aerope, but she committed adultery with Thyestes and secretly gave him the golden lamb which carried with it claim to the kingship. *Zeus, however, expressed disapproval by reversing the course of the sun (Eur. El. 699–746; Apollod. Epit. 2. 10–12). Atreus banished Thyestes; but later, when he learnt of Aerope's adultery, he pretended a reconciliation with his brother and at a feast served up to him the flesh of the latter's own sons. At the end of the meal Atreus showed his brother the heads and hands of his sons, then once more banished him (Aesch. Ag. 1590 ff.; Apollod. Epit.
Herbert Jennings Rose
In mythology, maternal grandfather of *Odysseus. He ‘surpassed all men in thievery and (ambiguous) swearing’, by favour of *Hermes (whose son he is in later accounts), Od. 19. 394 ff. with R. B. Rutherford’s comm.; one of his thefts, Il. 10. 267.
Automedon, in mythology, *Achilles' charioteer, son of Diores (Il. 17. 429 and often); hence by metonymy, any charioteer, as Juvenal 1. 61.
Bacis, a Boeotian chresmologue (oracle-collector) ‘maddened by the *nymphs’ (Paus. 4. 27. 4) whose *oracles were known from the 5th cent.
A cult figure worshipped in Athens and elsewhere in Attica. Her city shrine was held in common with *Neleus and (probably later) *Codrus, and as her name suggests one of her ‘meanings’ may have been that of sovereignty, especially perhaps in connection with the claim of Athens to Ionian primacy. Nothing is known of her mythology.
Richard Allan Tomlinson
Nicholas J. Richardson
Baubo belongs to the main Orphic version of the Rape of *Persephone (Asclepiades of Tragilus, FGrH 12. 4; Orph. frs. 49–52 O. Kern; see