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Atilius Serranus, Aulus  

Peter Sidney Derow

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Curule aedile 194 bce, praetor 192 and 173, consul 170. Atilius and his colleague, L. Scribonius Libo, were said to be the first *aediles to hold scenic games (see ludi) at the Megalesia. In 192–191 ... More

Atius Balbus, Marcus  

Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Atius Balbus, Marcus, of a good senatorial family of *Aricia and related to *Pompey, was the husband of *Caesar's sister Iulia and the father of *Atia (1), *Augustus' mother. Praetor before 59 bce, ... More

Atrebates (1), a tribe of Gallia Belgica  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Atrebates (1), a people of Gallia Belgica (see belgae), conquered by *Caesar in 57 bce. However, in 53 they contributed 4,000 men to the Gallic forces at *Alesia, under *Commius, and revolted again ... More

Atrebates (2), a Gallic tribe of southern Britannia  

Sheppard S. Frere and Martin Millett

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Atrebates (2), an offshoot of a Gaulish tribe which had probably entered Britain before 54 bce and occupied a region between the Thames, the Test, and West Sussex. Successive rulers ... More

Attius Varus, Publius  

Theodore John Cadoux and Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Attius Varus, Publius, of undistinguished family, praetor and then governor of Africa before 51 bce, took the side of *Pompey in the Civil War. In 49, after failing to hold *Caesar in *Picenum, he ... More

auctions  

Jean Andreau

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
An auction is a type of sale consisting of a public competition between several buyers; whoever bids the highest price obtains the object being sold. Such auctions existed in the Greek as ... More

Aufidius, Gnaeus  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Praetor in 107 bce, wrote a ‘Graeca historia’ (i.e. history in Greek), probably of Rome (Cic. Tusc. 5. 112).

Aufidius Bassus  

Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aufidius Bassus, 1st-cent. ce Roman historian, admired for his eloquence (Tac. Dial. 23; Quint. Inst. 10. 1. 103). His health was uncertain, which perhaps prevented a public career; his ... More

Aufidius Victorinus, Gaius  

Anthony R. Birley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A senator from Umbria, son-in-law of the orator *Fronto and close friend of M. *Aurelius, is often mentioned in the former's Letters, and by Cassius Dio and the Historia Augusta. *Suffect consul in ... More

Augustus, Roman emperor, 63 BCE–14 CE  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Augustus (63 bce–14 ce), the first emperor at Rome, who presided over the inception of much of the institutional and ideological framework of the imperial system of the first three centuries ce. The ... More

Augustus, Augusta, as titles  

John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
(Gk. Σεβαστός, Σεβαστή) Republican usage was religious (first in Enn. Ann. 502: ‘augusto augurio’). On 16 January 27 bce*Octavian received the title from the senate, and he intended *Tiberius also to ... More

Aurelia  

Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aurelia, of the family of the Cottae, was the mother of C. *Iulius Caesar (2). She watched over the conduct of his wife *Pompeia and detected P. *Clodius Pulcher at the Bona Dea ceremony. ... More

Aurelian, Roman emperor, c. 215–275 CE  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aurelian (Lucius Domitius Aurelianus (c. 215–275 ce), a man of humble origin from the Danubian region, achieved high military rank under *Gallienus, but helped organize the plot that destroyed him. ... More

Aurelius Cotta, Gaius  

Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Gaius Aurelius Cotta, brother of the two following and nephew of P. *Rutilius Rufus, was a distinguished orator and, with M. *Livius Drusus (2) and P. *Sulpicius Rufus, one of the circle of ambitious ... More

Aurelius Cotta, Lucius  

Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aurelius (RE 102) Cotta, Lucius, brother of Gaius (above) and Marcus (below), as praetor 70 bce participated in the partial reversal of *Sulla's settlement by a law dividing criminal juries equally ... More

Aurelius Cotta, Marcus  

Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aurelius (RE 107) Cotta, Marcus, brother of the two preceding, as consul 74 bce was sent to defend newly annexed *Bithynia against *Mithradates VI. Defeated by land and sea near *Chalcedon, he was ... More

Aurelius Severus Alexander, Marcus, Roman emperor  

Anthony R. Birley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aurelius Severus Alexander, Marcus, Roman emperor 222–35 ce. Son of *Iulia Avita Mamaea by her second husband, the procurator Gessius Marcianus of Arca Caesarea in Syria, b. c.209 ce, his names were ... More

Aurelius Antoninus (1), Marcus, 'Caracalla', Roman emperor, 188–217 CE  

Anthony R. Birley

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Aurelius (RE 46) Antoninus (1), Marcus (CE 188–217), nicknamed Caracalla, emperor ce 198–217. Elder son of L. *Septimius Severus, originally called Septimius Bassianus; renamed after M. Aurelius and ... More

Aurelius Antoninus (2), Marcus, 'Elagabalus', Roman emperor, 218–222 CE  

Anthony R. Birley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aurelius Antoninus (2), Marcus, the emperor (218–222ce) Elagabalus, was the son of Sex. *Varius Marcellus and *Iulia Soaemias Bassiana, niece of *Iulia Domna. Born probably in 203, as Varius Avitus ... More

Aurelius Cleander, Marcus  

Anthony R. Birley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A freedman of Phrygian origin, chamberlain (a cubiculo) of *Commodus in succession to Saoterus, exercised effective power over the emperor from 185 ce, when the praetorian prefect Perennis was ... More

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