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Aesculapius  

Holt Parker and Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The miraculous transferral of the god of healing *Asclepius from *Epidaurus to Rome and the origin of the important healing-cult of the Tiber island there in 292 bce constituted significant moments ... More

Aesepus  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Aesepus, god of the Mysian river of that name, Hesiod, Theog.342.

Aesernia  

T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aesernia (mod. Isernia), a strong site near the upper Volturnus river, controlling NW *Samnium. Originally a Samnite town, a Latin colony (see ius latii) established here after the Samnite Wars (263 ... More

Aesop  

J. S. Rusten

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aesop, as legendary a figure as Homer. What we now call *fables (Gk. αἶνοι, μῦθοι, λόγοι), i.e. stories clearly fictitious (often about speaking animals), which illustrate a point or support an ... More

Aesopus, tragic actor, 1st cent. BCE  

George Chatterton Richards and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Tragic actor, “dignified” (Hor. Epist. 2.1.82), contemporary of Q. *Roscius (Quint. Inst. 11.3.111 “Roscius is livelier, Aesopus more dignified”). He gave *Cicero lessons in elocution ... More

aesthetics  

S. Halliwell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Since its coinage in the mid-18th cent., ‘aesthetics’ has come gradually to embrace philosophies of both art and beauty (whether natural or created). Antiquity lacked any explicit tradition of ... More

Aeternitas  

John Scheid

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The notion of aeternitas, designating perpetuity or eternity, first appears at Rome in *Cicero's day, under the influence of philosophic speculation (notably that of *Stoicism) on αἰών ... More

Aethicus Ister  

Paola Marone

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Aethicus Ister is the unknown author of the Cosmographia, a fictional world travelogue that probably belongs to the 7th to 8th centuries. This work, written in an abstruse Latin, makes use ... More

Aethra  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Jenny March

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aethra, in mythology daughter of *Pittheus, king of Troezen, and mother of *Theseus by *Aegeus. Since Theseus was often said to be son of *Poseidon, various explanations were given: Aethra was sent ... More

aetiology  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aetiology in religion and mythology refers to an explanation, normally in narrative form (hence ‘aetiological myth’), of a practice, epithet, monument, or similar. Typically such explanations ... More

Aëtius (1)  

Malcolm Schofield

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Aëtius (1), probably late 1st cent. ce, author of a comprehensive survey of the contrasting views of Greek philosophers on questions in natural philosophy. Hermann Diels convincingly argued that this ... More

Aëtius (2), of Amida, physician, fl. c. 530–560 CE  

John Scarborough

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In *Alexandria (1) and Constantinople. He wrote an extant medical encyclopaedia, called the Tetrabiblon from its division into four sections. Beginning with a summary of drug theory (see ... More

Aetius, Flavius, d. 454 CE  

Peter Heather

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aetius, Flavius (d. ce 454), Roman patrician and general, ruler of the western Empire c. 432 to 454. In the 410s he served lengthy periods as a hostage among both the Visigoths (see *goths) and ... More

Aetna, Latin didactic poem by unknown poet, 1st half of 1st cent. CE  

Harry Morrison Hine

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aetna, Latin *didactic poem of unknown authorship. It attempts to explain the volcanic activity of Mt. Etna (see aetna (1)).The poem is ascribed to Virgil in our earliest MSS and included amongst his ... More

Aetna (1), volcano of Sicily  

Arthur Geoffrey Woodhead and R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aetna (1), Europe's highest active volcano (3,326 m. (10,912 ft.) in 1966), lying between *Tauromenium and *Catana in eastern Sicily. The lower slopes are remarkably fertile, principally today in ... More

Aetna (2)  

Arthur Geoffrey Woodhead and R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Aetna (2), the name given to *Catana when *Hieron (1) I settled a colony there. In 461 bce these colonists were expelled, and transferred themselves and the name to Sicel Inessa. *Ducetius ... More

Aetolia  

W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aetolia, a region in west-central Greece roughly shaped like a triangle with its base on the Corinthian Gulf, its apex at Mt. Tymphrestus, and its sides along the lower and middle *Acheloüs ... More

Aetolian Confederacy  

Peter Sidney Derow

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The looser tribal organization of the Aetolians of NW Greece gave way during the 4th cent. bce to a *federal state, or league, which soon acquired considerable power. This increased dramatically in ... More

Aetolian cults and myths  

Michael H. Jameson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Relatively isolated, after the Archaic period Aetolia had the reputation of a rough and violent region. In cult the massive conflagration of live birds and wild animals for Artemis Laphria at *Patrae ... More

Aetolus  

W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Aetolus, eponym of the Aetolians. *Endymion, king of *Elis, had three sons: Paeon, Epeius, and Aetolus. He set them to race at Olympia, promising the kingship to the winner. Epeius won, hence the ... More

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