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The Jewish Patriarchate  

Lee I. Levine

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
The Jewish Patriarch (Hebr. Nasi) was the leading Jewish communal official in the late Roman and early Byzantine Empires, in both Palestine and the Diaspora. The Patriarchate, which ... More

Ben Sira  

Benjamin G. Wright III

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The book of Ben Sira is a wisdom text dating from the early 2nd century bce. It provides important evidence for Jewish wisdom traditions and teachers as well as Jewish scribes in this ... More

Ḥimyar, kingdom of  

Yosef Yuval Tobi

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
The beginning of the Ḥimyari kingdom is reckoned at 110 bce, when the tribe of Ḥimyar split off from the Qatabān kingdom in the western Ḥaḍramawt, located in the southern Arabian ... More

conversion, Jewish  

Matthew Thiessen

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
There is little evidence of conversion to Israelite religion or Judaism in Jewish scriptures. For instance, while later rabbis understood the book of Ruth to portray the conversion of Ruth ... More


Zeev Weiss

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
In the heart of the Lower Galilee lie the remains of Sepphoris, capital of the Galilee during long periods of antiquity. Both literary sources and archaeological finds indicate that the ... More

prayer, Jewish  

Stefan C. Reif

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Although some of the inspiration for later Jewish prayers undoubtedly came from the ancient Near East and the early books of the Hebrew Bible, there was at that early period of development ... More


Benjamin Isaac

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The city of Joppe/Jaffa/Yafo on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean, immediately south of modern Tel Aviv, has a long history of importance as an urban centre, from the Middle Bronze ... More

Madaba Map  

Richard J. A. Talbert

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
This damaged, but still striking, floor-mosaic map offers a unique and invaluable example of late antique cartography, as well as the earliest surviving vision of the Holy Land. The map was ... More

Sibylline Oracles  

Erich S. Gruen

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
The Sibylline Oracles had a long life. The Sibyl was in origin a single Greek prophetess, renowned for the accuracy of her forecasts, divinely inspired, but portrayed as mad or raving, and ... More


Dov Gera

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Eleutheropolis (Arabic Beit Jibrin; Hebrew Beth Govrin, Beit Guvrin) is situated in Judea’s Shephelah on the southwesterly road from Jerusalem to Ascalon. This area was known as Idumaea in the ... More