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Eteocypriot  

Philippa M. Steele

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Eteocypriot (or Eteocyprian) is a modern term referring to a group of inscriptions written in an unknown language of Iron Age Cyprus (attested 8th–4th centuriesbce). The name was coined by analogy ... More

Old Persian language  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Old Persian was the Iranian language spoken by the ruling class of the Achaemenid Empire, probably reflecting the Southwest Iranian dialect of Persis (see Persia). It is preserved in documents in a ... More

Ḥimyar, kingdom of  

Yosef Yuval Tobi

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
The beginning of the Ḥimyari kingdom is reckoned at 110 bce, when the tribe of Ḥimyar split off from the Qatabān kingdom in the western Ḥaḍramawt, located in the southern Arabian ... More

Mithridates II, king of Parthia, 125/121–91 BCE  

Josef Wiesehöfer

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Subject:
Near East
Mithridates (Mihrdād) (125/121–91bce), son (an uncertain relationship) of his predecessor Artabanus I and grandson of Priapatius, was given the epithet “the Great” already in antiquity because of his ... More

Fratarakā, Sub-Seleucid Dynasty in Persis  

Josef Wiesehöfer

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Shortly after his reconquest of Babylonia in 312bce, Seleucus, a former general of Alexander the Great, was able to conquer the Achaemenid heartland of Persis (Fars), and in the second ... More

Jaffa  

Benjamin Isaac

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The city of Joppe/Jaffa/Yafo on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean, immediately south of modern Tel Aviv, has a long history of importance as an urban centre, from the Middle Bronze ... More

Commagenian, Greco-Iranian religious syncretism  

Bruno Jacobs

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Subject:
Near East
The religious syncretism associated with the Commagenian dynasty, combining Greek and Iranian elements, is a phenomenon linked exclusively to king Antiochus I (c. 69–36bce). Whereas its Greek ... More

Uranius, Greek writer about Arabia  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
His date is not quite certain, but 4th century ce (rather than three centuries earlier) seems likeliest. He is a source for much of the Arabian information in Stephanus of Byzantium, in ... More

Achaemenid art  

Michael Vickers

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
The official sculpture of the Persian empire was made in a distinctive style which owed much to Mesopotamian forerunners, and like them tended to the glorification of the ruler. It used to be thought ... More

Achaeus (3), d. 213 BCE  

Guy Thompson Griffith and Susan Mary Sherwin-White

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Achaeus (3) (d. 213 BCE), viceroy for *Antiochus (3) III of Seleucid Asia Minor and his kinsman (maternal uncle), probably the grandson of the Seleucid official Achaeus the Elder. In 223/2 ... More

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