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Achilles  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Achilles (Ἀχιλλεύς), son of *Peleus and *Thetis; greatest of the Greek heroes in the Trojan War; central character of *Homer's Iliad. His name may be of Mycenaean Greek origin, ... More

Alcestis  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcestis, in mythology, daughter of *Pelias, wife of Admetus king of *Pherae (Thessaly), who is prepared to die in his place.Pelias promised Alcestis to whoever could yoke a lion and boar to a ... More

Amphiaraus  

Hanne Eisenfeld

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Seer and warrior, member of royal family of Argos, descended from Melampus. Son of Oecles, husband of Eriphyle, father of Alcmaeon (1) and Amphilochus. Unwilling participant in the expedition of the ... More

Antigone (1)  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Antigone (1), daughter of *Oedipus and Iocasta, sister of *Eteocles, Polynices and Ismene. *Sophocles (1)'s Antigone deals with events after the Theban War, in which Eteocles and ... More

Antinous (1), mythical suitor of Penelope in the Odyssey  

Nicholas J. Richardson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016

Antinous (1), son of Eupeithes (Od. 1. 383), ringleader of *Penelope's suitors, and first to be killed by *Odysseus, whose kingship he is said to have wished to usurp (Od. 22. 8–53).

Apollonius (1) Rhodius  

Richard Hunter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apollonius (1) Rhodius, a major literary figure of 3rd-century bce*Alexandria (1), and poet of the Argonautica, the only extant Greek hexameter *epic written between *Homer and the Roman imperial ... More

Argonauts, mythical hero group from Greek epic  

Richard Hunter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Argonauts, one of the earliest (cf. Hom. Od. 12. 69–72) and most important Greek sagas, set in the generation before the Trojan War and involving heroes particularly associated with *Thessaly, ... More

Demodocus  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Demodocus, in *Homer's Odyssey (8. 44–5, 62–4), a blind and respected first-class bard at *Alcinous (1)'s court—an image offered by Homer of his own role. He sings of the adultery of *Ares and ... More

Dionysia  

Richard Seaford

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Many festivals of *Dionysus had special names, e.g. the *Anthesteria, the *Lenaea, etc. This article concerns those Attic festivals known as (a) τὰ κατ᾽ ἀγροὺς Διονύσια, the Rural Dionysia, and (b) ... More

Erichthonius (2), mythical Trojan king  

Adam Rappold

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
A mythic king of the Trojans, son of Dardanus and Batea, and father of Troos. Little is known about the Trojan Erichthonius, apart from what is related in Homer—he was the grandson of Zeus, son of ... More

Euhemerus  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Euhemerus (Εὐήμερος), of *Messene, perhaps wrote while in the service of *Cassander (311–298 bce), but was perhaps active as late as 280 bce. He wrote a *novel of travel which was influential in the ... More

folktale  

William Hansen

Folktales are traditional fictional stories. Unlike works of original literary fiction, they are normally anonymous narratives that have been transmitted from one teller to another over an ... More

Getty Hexameters, the  

Roy D. Kotansky

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The “Getty Hexameters” represent a “cluster” of verse incantations written on a small, folded piece of lead epigraphically and historically dateable to the end of the 5th century. Found in ... More

ghosts  

Esther Eidinow

Identifying a ghost in Greek literature and distinguishing it from what we might call a delusion or a supernatural entity can sometimes pose difficulties: *Homer tends to use the term ... More

Hesiod  

Martin Litchfield West

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Hesiod, one of the oldest known Greek poets, often coupled or contrasted with *Homer as the other ... More

hubris  

N. R. E. Fisher

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Hubris, intentionally dishonouring behaviour, was a powerful term of moral condemnation in ancient Greece; and in Athens, and perhaps elsewhere, it was also treated as a serious crime. The common use ... More

Jocasta  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Daughter of *Menoeceus (1), sister of *Creon (1), wife of *Laius, mother and later wife of *Oedipus. She is called Epicaste (’Επικάστη) by *Homer, Iocaste (’Ιοκάστη, Lat. Iocasta, Eng. Jocasta) by ... More

Laestrygones  

Nicholas J. Richardson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Laestrygones, cannibal giants encountered by *Odysseus (Od. 10. 80–132), and perhaps derived from a pre-Homeric poem about the *Argonauts (A. Heubeck, Comm. on Homer's Odyssey ii (1989), ... More

Laius  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Laius (Λάϊος), king of *Thebes (1), son of Labdacus, husband of Jocasta and father of *Oedipus. His abduction of Chrysippus son of *Pelops was said to be the origin of *homosexuality among men. The ... More

Leda  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Leda, mother of the *Dioscuri (Castor and Pollux/Polydeuces) and *Helen (as well as *Clytemnestra and the minor figures Timandra and Phylonoe), wife of *Tyndareos, daughter of King Thestius of ... More

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