You are looking at  1-20 of 21 articles  for:

  • Greek Myth and Religion x
  • Roman Myth and Religion x
Clear All

View:

amulets  

H. S. Versnel

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amulets were magically potent objects worn (hence the Greek names: περίαμμα, περίαπτον) for protection against witchcraft, illness, the evil eye, accidents, robbery, etc. (hence the Greek name: ... More

androgyny  

Luc Brisson

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
In the modern use, “bisexuality” refers to sexual object choice, whereas “androgyny” refers to sexual identity. In ancient Greece and Rome, however, these terms sometimes refer to human ... More

anthropology  

J. T. Vallance

It is probably misleading, though not entirely inappropriate, to use this word to describe the ancient study of man and society. Misleading, because anthropology did not really exist as the kind of ... More

belief, ancient religious  

Charles Stewart and John North

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Currently ‘belief’ has at least three different meanings in the context of religion: (1) an inner psychological state of pious commitment; (2) the acceptance of received ideas; and (3) the doctrines ... More

colours, sacred  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Three colours are especially important for sacral purposes in antiquity; they are white, black, and red, the last being understood in the widest possible sense, to include purple, crimson, even ... More

Egyptian deities  

Richard Gordon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Graeco-Roman view of Egyptian religion is sharply fissured. Despite Herodotus 2. 50. 1 (comm. A. B. Lloyd, 1975–88), many writers of all periods, and probably most individuals, found in the ... More

eunuchs, religious  

Richard Gordon

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In the Classical period, religious eunuchs are a feature of several Anatolian cults of female deities, extending across to Scythia (Hdt. 4. 67: not shamans) and to the southern foothills of the ... More

folktale  

William Hansen

Folktales are traditional fictional stories. Unlike works of original literary fiction, they are normally anonymous narratives that have been transmitted from one teller to another over an ... More

ghosts  

Esther Eidinow

Identifying a ghost in Greek literature and distinguishing it from what we might call a delusion or a supernatural entity can sometimes pose difficulties: *Homer tends to use the term ... More

music in worship  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Both in Greece and Italy *music, vocal and instrumental, formed an important part of worship at all periods. To begin with *Homer, the embassy sent to Chryse in Iliad 1. 472–4 spend the whole day ... More

mysteries  

Richard Gordon

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
For much of the 20th cent. the term ‘mystery religions’ has been current, denoting a special form of personal religion linking the fate of a god of Frazer's ‘dying-rising’ type with the ... More

mysteries, Bacchic  

Fritz Graf

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Mystery cults of Dionysos are attested to in Greece from the late Archaic epoch and expanded to Rome in Hellenistic times. They appear in two forms, the group (thíasos) of ecstatic women ... More

mythology  

J. N. Bremmer

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Mythology is the field of scholarship dealing with myth but also a particular body of myths. Myth goes back to the Greek word mythos, which originally meant ‘word, speech, message’ but in the 5th ... More

Narcissus(1), figure of Greek mythology  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Narcissus (1), in mythology, a beautiful youth, son of *Cephissus (the *Boeotian river) and Liriope, a *nymph. He loved no one till he saw his own reflection in water and fell in love with that; ... More

pagan, paganism  

Philip Rousseau

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Latin word paganus means literally “one who inhabits a *pagus”: see Festus, 247Lindsay, and *Servius's comment on *Virgil's phrase pagos et compita circum (G. 2. 382). By imperial times (e.g. ... More

phallus  

Richard Seaford

Phallus, an image of the penis, often as erect, to be found in various contexts, in particular (a) in certain rituals associated with fertility, notably Dionysiac *processions (see dionysus): see ... More

possession, religious  

H. S. Versnel

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
That a human being might become possessed by a supernatural power was a fairly common ancient belief. The effect might be a prophetic frenzy as in the case of the trance (see delphic oracle). Plato ... More

prayer  

H. S. Versnel

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Prayer was the most common form of expression in ancient religion. It could be formal or informal and was often accompanied by other acts of worship, e.g. *sacrifice or vow (the Greek word euchē ... More

processions  

Richard Seaford

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Processions are an extremely common feature of Greek and Roman religious practice. It is above all in the procession that a group may ritually display its cohesion and power to itself and others. And ... More

temple  

Richard Allan Tomlinson

The Greek temple was the house of the god, whose image it contained, usually placed so that at the annual festival it could watch through the open door the burning of the sacrifice at the altar which ... More

View: