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Acca Larentia  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Acca Larentia, obscure Roman goddess with a festival on 23 December (*Larentalia or Larentinalia). Valerius Antias (fr. 1 Peter) makes her a prostitute, contemporary with *Romulus, who left her ... More

aedituus  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John North

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aedituus (older form, aeditumnus), the keeper or sacristan of a consecrated building in Rome (aedes sacra). The word was applied to a wide range of officials, including both men of high ... More

Aeneas  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeneas, character in literature and mythology, son of *Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite. In the Iliad he is a prominent Trojan leader, belonging to the younger branch of the royal house, (13. ... More

Aesculapius  

Holt Parker and Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The miraculous transferral of the god of healing *Asclepius from *Epidaurus to Rome and the origin of the important healing-cult of the Tiber island there in 292 bce constituted significant moments ... More

Aeternitas  

John Scheid

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The notion of aeternitas, designating perpetuity or eternity, first appears at Rome in *Cicero's day, under the influence of philosophic speculation (notably that of *Stoicism) on αἰών ... More

Agdistis  

Francis Redding Walton and John Scheid

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agdistis, a form of the Phrygian mother-goddess; at *Pessinus*Cybele was called Agdistis (Strabo 469, 567). According to the myth (see attis), she was originally androgynous. Her cult ... More

Agonium  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Agonium, name for 9 January, 17 March, 21 May, and 11 December in the Roman calendar; also Agonalia (Ov. Fast. 1. 324; possibly Agnalia at 1. 325), Agonia (Varro, Ling. 6. 14), and Dies agonales ... More

aius locutius  

Herbert Jennings Rose and J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Aius locutius (or loquens), the divine voice, ‘sayer and speaker’, that warned of the coming of the Gauls shortly before the battle of the *Allia. The warning was not heeded. As ... More

Albunea  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albunea, sulphurous spring and stream near *Tibur with a famous waterfall, and its homonymous nymph (cf. Hor. Carm. 1. 7. 12), classed as a *Sibyl by *Varro (Lactant. Div. Inst. 1. 6. 12) ... More

Alexander (13), of Abonuteichos  

David Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alexander (13) of Abonuteichos in *Paphlagonia. He was a contemporary of *Lucian whose bitterly hostile account, Alexander or the False Prophet, remains the most important source of information, ... More

altars, Roman  

Frederick Norman Pryce, John Boardman, Antony Spawforth, and J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The Latin terms altaria (plur.) and ara (variously explained by Roman antiquarians) derive from the roots denoting ‘burning’ (of sacrificial offerings). Normally of stone, of varying size, ... More

Ambarvalia  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ambarvalia, Roman private and public field *lustration in May. The name appears only in Festus Gloss. Lat. 112, SHA Aurel. 20. 3; Strabo 5. 3. 2. Private rite: Cato, Agr. 141; ... More

Amburbium  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amburbium, *lustration for Rome, seldom so named (Serv. on Verg. Ecl. 3. 77; SHA Aurel. 20. 3), usually linked with the *Ambarvalia's lustration of the fields (Festus Gloss. ... More

amulets  

H. S. Versnel

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amulets were magically potent objects worn (hence the Greek names: περίαμμα, περίαπτον) for protection against witchcraft, illness, the evil eye, accidents, robbery, etc. (hence the Greek name: ... More

Anchises  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anchises, character in literature and mythology, son of Capys, father of *Aeneas, and member of the Trojan royal house. He does not appear in person in *Homer's Iliad, but the Homeric *Hymn to ... More

androgyny  

Luc Brisson

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
In the modern use, “bisexuality” refers to sexual object choice, whereas “androgyny” refers to sexual identity. In ancient Greece and Rome, however, these terms sometimes refer to human ... More

Angerona  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Angerona, Roman goddess, worshipped on 21 December (*Divalia or Angeronalia) in the Curia Acculeia (Varro, Ling. 6. 23), or the Sacellum Volupiae, where there stood on the altar a statue of Angerona ... More

Angitia  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Angitia, or the Angitiae, *Marsian goddess (es) principally worshipped on the *Fucinus Lacus at Lucus Angitiae (cf. Verg. Aen. 7. 759 with Serv. on 750) at *Sulmo (CIL 9. 3074), where the ... More

Anna Perenna  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Anna Perenna, Roman goddess with a merry festival on 15 March (O. Fast. 3. 523–696 with Bömer's notes). This date on the Ides and the first full moon of the year by archaic reckoning (1 March being ... More

anthropology  

J. T. Vallance

It is probably misleading, though not entirely inappropriate, to use this word to describe the ancient study of man and society. Misleading, because anthropology did not really exist as the kind of ... More

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