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Achaeus(2), of Eretria, Athenian tragic poet  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Achaeus (2) of Eretria, Athenian tragic poet, to be distinguished from Achaeus of Syracuse, who may be the Achaeus who won a *Lenaean victory c.356. According to the *Suda the Eretrian was born in ... More

Achilles  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Achilles (Ἀχιλλεύς), son of *Peleus and *Thetis; greatest of the Greek heroes in the Trojan War; central character of *Homer's Iliad. His name may be of Mycenaean Greek origin, ... More

Achilles Tatius (1), Greek novelist  

Ewen Bowie

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
(see novel, greek) from *Alexandria (1), author of ‘The Story of Leucippe and Cleitophon’ (Τὰ κατὰ Λευκίππην καì Κλειτοφῶντα) in eight books. Shown by papyri to be circulating by the mid-2nd cent. ... More

Achilles Tatius (2), probably 3rd cent. CE  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Achilles Tatius (2) (probably 3rd cent. ce), author of a Greek commentary on *Aratus (1), the only surviving part of his work Περὶ σφαίρας.

Acusilaus  

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Acusilaus, of Argos, lived ‘before the *Persian Wars’ (Joseph. Ap. 1–13) and compiled *genealogies, translating and correcting *Hesiod, with ingenious conjectures but no literary merit. ... More

Adrianus, of Tyre, c. 113–193 CE  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Adrianus (Hadrianus) of Tyre (c. CE 113–93), sophist, pupil of *Herodes Atticus; held the chairs of rhetoric at Athens and Rome. One short *declamation attributed to him survives. See ... More

(Aelia) Eudocia, c. 400–460 CE  

Pavlos Avlamis

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Originally named Athenais, Eudocia was the daughter of Leontius, a teacher of rhetoric. She was born in Athens (Evagrius Scholasticus Historia ecclesiastica 1.20) and probably followed her father in ... More

Aelian  

Steven D. Smith

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aelian (Claudius Aelianus, 161/77–230/8 CE), an influential writer of miscellaneous works in Rome during the reign of the Severan emperors, helped shape the literary landscape of the ... More

Aelianus, 1st–2nd cent. CE  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Aelianus (1st–2nd cent. ce), author of a Greek Tactica, on the tactics of the Hellenistic *hoplite phalanx, heavily indebted to earlier military writers.

Aeneas Tacticus  

David Whitehead

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeneas (Aineias) Tacticus, probably the Stymphalian general of the Arcadian koinon (see arcadian league) in 367 bce (Xen. Hell. 7. 3. 1); anyway the earlies (-surviving) and most ... More

Aeschines (1), c. 397–c. 322 BCE  

George Law Cawkwell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeschines (1) (c. 397–c. 322 BCE), Athenian orator whose exchanges with *Demosthenes (2) in the courts in 343 and 330 provide a large part of the evidence for the relations of Athens and Macedon in ... More

Aeschines (2) Socraticus  

Michael Gagarin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
(4th cent. bce), of the *deme of Sphettus in Attica, a devoted follower of *Socrates, was present at his trial and death. He wrote speeches for the lawcourts and taught oratory, but fell ... More

Aeschylus, Athenian tragic dramatist  

Alan H. Sommerstein

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Aeschylus was probably born at *Eleusis in 525/4 bce (Marm. Par.). He fought at the battle of ... More

Aesop  

J. S. Rusten

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aesop, as legendary a figure as Homer. What we now call *fables (Gk. αἶνοι, μῦθοι, λόγοι), i.e. stories clearly fictitious (often about speaking animals), which illustrate a point or support an ... More

Agathocles (2), of Cyzicus, grammarian, c. 275/265–200/190 BCE  

Nigel Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agathocles (2) of Cyzicus, grammarian, c. 275/65 –200/190 bce, quite possibly to be identified with the local historian (FGrH472). He was a pupil of *Zenodotus. A small number of ... More

Agathon  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Agathon, son of Tisamenus of Athens, was the most celebrated tragic poet after the three great masters. (See tragedy, greek.) He won his first victory at the *Lenaea in 416 bce, and the occasion of ... More

agōnes  

Stephen Instone and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
(1) The term agōn (ἀγών) and its derivatives can denote the informal and extempore competitive struggles and rivalries that permeated Greek life in the general fight for success and ... More

Alcaeus (1), lyric poet  

C. Carey

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcaeus (1) lyric poet, of *Mytilene on Lesbos. Probably born c.625–620 bce, since he was old enough to participate in the struggle against Athens for *Sigeum in the Troad in the last decade of the ... More

Alcaeus (2)  

Kenneth Dover and Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Is called by the Suda a comedian of the Old Comedy (see comedy (greek), old) (κωμικὸς τῆς ἀρχαίας κωμῳδίας) and author of ten plays. His Pasiphae took the fifth (last) prize in 388 bce ... More

Alcaeus (3), of Messene, fl. 200 BCE  

Alan Douglas Edward Cameron and Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcaeus (3) of Messen (fl. 200 bce), author of 22 epigrams from the Garland of *Meleager (2) on various themes, notably political attacks on *Philip (3) V of Macedon (who replied to one of ... More

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