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Abaris  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Abaris, legendary devotee of *Apollo from the far north, a shamanistic missionary and saviour-figure like *Aristeas whom *Pindar (fr. 270 Snell–Maehler) associated with the time of *Croesus—perhaps ... More

Acamas  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Acamas, son of *Theseus and brother of *Demophon (1). Unknown to the Iliad, the brothers are certainly present at Troy in the Iliu Persis (fr. 4 Davies), and free their grandmother *Aethra from her ... More

Acarnan  

W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Acarnan, eponym of *Acarnania. He was the son, with Amphoterus, of Callirhoë (the daughter of Acheloüs) and *Alcmaeon (1) (who had settled in the *Achelous floodplain to escape the *Erinyes). Later, ... More

Acastus  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Acastus, in mythology, son of Pelias (see neleus); he took part in the Argonautic expedition and the Calydonian boar-hunt (see argonauts; meleager (1)). When *Peleus took refuge with him, Acastus' ... More

Achaeus (1)  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Achaeus (1), eponym of the Achaeans; in mythology, son of *Poseidon (Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 1. 17. 3), *Zeus (Serv. on Aen. 1. 242), *Xuthus (Apollod. 1. 50), or *Haemon (schol. Il. 2. ... More

Acheloüs  

W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Acheloüs, the longest of all Greek rivers, rising in central *Epirus and debouching, after a course of 240 km. (150 mi.; mostly through mountainous gorges), into the NW corner of the ... More

Acheron  

W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Acheron, a river of Thesprotia in southern *Epirus which breaks through an impenetrable gorge into the Acherusian plain where a lake (named Acherusia) lay in ancient times. The river ... More

Achilles  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Achilles (Ἀχιλλεύς), son of *Peleus and *Thetis; greatest of the Greek heroes in the Trojan War; central character of *Homer's Iliad. His name may be of Mycenaean Greek origin, ... More

Acrisius  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Acrisius, in mythology, son of Abas, king of *Argos (1), and his wife Aglaïa, father of *Danaë and brother of *Proetus. After Abas' death the two brothers quarrelled; in their warfare they invented ... More

Actaeon  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Jenny March

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Actaeon, in mythology son of *Aristaeus and Autonoë, daughter of *Cadmus, and a great huntsman. Ovid gives the most familiar version of his death (Met. 3. 138 ff.): one day on Mt. Cithaeron he came ... More

Adonis  

V. Pirenne-Delforge and André Motte

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Name given by the Greeks to a divine personage whom they thought to be eastern in origin (Semitic Adon = ‘Lord’), but whose eastern prototypes (Dumuzi, Tammuz, Baal, Ešmun) are very different from ... More

Adrasteia  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Adrasteia, a goddess apparently of the ‘mountain mother’ type, like *Cybele, associated with *Phrygia, but well known to the Greeks from a fairly early date. In the Phoronis, the *Idaean ... More

Adrastus (1), Greek epic hero  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Adrastus (1), described in the Iliad as former king of *Sicyon (2. 572), was worshipped there at least until the 6th cent. (Hdt. 5. 67). Best known as the leader of the first Argive ... More

Aeacus  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Aeacus (Αἰακός), ancestral hero of *Aegina, whose eponymous nymph bore him to *Zeus; to give him company, Zeus turned the island's ant population into humans, transforming murmēkes into ‘Myrmidons’ ... More

Aëdon  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Aëdon (Ἀηδών), in mythology, daughter of *Pandareos, the son of Hermes and Merope. She married Zethus and had two children, Itylus and Neïs. Envying *Niobe, Amphion's wife, for her many children, ... More

Aegeus, Athenian hero  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Aegeus, Athenian hero, father of *Theseus. As son of *Pandion and brother of *Pallas (2), *Nisus (1), and *Lycus (1), he received at the division of *Attica the area around Athens, although in ... More

Aegimius  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aegimius, a legendary king, son (or father, scholiast Pind. Pyth. 1. 121) of Dorus, eponym of the *Dorians. Being attacked by the *Centaurs, he asked *Heracles to help him, and in ... More

aegis  

Christiane Sourvinou-Inwood

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Aegis, divine attribute, represented as a large all-round bib with scales, fringed with snakes' heads and normally decorated with the gorgoneion (see gorgo). In Homer *Zeus' epithet aigiochos, and ... More

Aegisthus  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Jenny March

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aegisthus, in mythology the son of Thyestes who survives to avenge the deaths of his brothers at the hands of *Atreus. In Aeschylus he is only a baby when Atreus kills the other boys, and perhaps for ... More

Aeolus  

J. N. Bremmer

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeolus, (1) the Homeric ruler of the winds (Od. 10. 1–79). Unlike Virgil (Aen. 1), Homer makes him a human by suppressing the idea that winds are minor deities. (See wind-gods.) He lives in Aeolia, a ... More

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