You are looking at  1-20 of 70 articles  for:

  • Jewish Studies x
Clear All

View:

anti-Semitism, pagan  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Modern accounts of hostility to Jews in classical antiquity have often been complicated by a concern to relate pagan anti-Semitism to the anti-Judaism of some early Christians and to the history of ... More

Archelaus (4), son of Herod (1) and Augustan ethnarch  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Archelaus (4), following the will left by his father *Herod (1), was appointed by Augustus ethnarch of the southern part of Herod's kingdom—*Judaea, *Samaria, and *Idumaea. Archelaus married ... More

Aristeas, Letter of  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Alexandrian Jewish narrative of the making of the Greek translation of the Law (Torah) for the library of *Ptolemy (1) II Philadelphus, at the instigation of his librarian, *Demetrius (3) of ... More

Aristobulus (2), Alexandrian Jewish author, c. 2nd half of 2nd cent. BCE  

William David Ross and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristobulus (2), an Alexandrian Jew (see alexandria), probably of the second half of the 2nd cent. bce, author of a commentary on the Pentateuch which is known only through quotations by *Clement of ... More

art, Jewish  

Steven Fine

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Architecture, coinage, and funerary remains reflect distinctive Jewish modes of participation in the larger visual culture of the Graeco-Roman period. Jews tended to distance themselves from ... More

Babatha  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Babatha was a Jewish woman who lived in the province of *Arabia in the first half of the 2nd cent. ce. Her documents, composed in Nabataean, *Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek, were discovered ... More

Bar Kokhba  

Edith Mary Smallwood and Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Bar Kokhba, ‘son of a star’ in Aramaic, is the name given to the leader of the second Jewish revolt in Palestine (132–5ce), to whom was apparently applied by Rabbi Akiba the Messianic prophecy in ... More

Ben Sira  

Benjamin G. Wright III

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The book of Ben Sira is a wisdom text dating from the early 2nd century bce. It provides important evidence for Jewish wisdom traditions and teachers as well as Jewish scribes in this ... More

Berenice(4), daughter of M. Iulius Agrippa I, b. 28 CE  

Edith Mary Smallwood and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Berenice (4) (b. 28 ce), daughter of M. *Iulius Agrippa I, was married to Marcus, brother of Ti. *Iulius Alexander in 41, and then in 46 to her uncle Herod, king of Chalcis. From his death (48) she ... More

Caesarea (2) in Palestine  

Edith Mary Smallwood and Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Caesarea (2) in Palestine, under its original name of Strato's Tower (after a king of *Sidon), was captured by the *Hasmonean king Alexander Jannaeus in 103 bce, attached to the province of Syria by ... More

catacombs, Jewish  

Leonard V. Rutgers

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subterranean cemeteries comparable to the early Christian catacombs of Rome. Jewish catacombs have been discovered in Beth She‘arim (Galilee) (2nd–4th cents. ce) and Rome (1st–5th cents. ... More

circumcision  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Circumcision of male genitalia was widely practised in the ancient near east, as Herodotus (2.104) was aware. In general both Greeks and Romans found the custom repulsive and ridiculous, ... More

conversion, Jewish  

Matthew Thiessen

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
There is little evidence of conversion to Israelite religion or Judaism in Jewish scriptures. For instance, while later rabbis understood the book of Ruth to portray the conversion of Ruth ... More

Dead Sea Scrolls  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Documents made of leather and papyrus, and, in one case, of copper, found between 1947 and 1956 in caves near Qumran by the Dead Sea. The scrolls, written by Jews, are mostly in Hebrew and ... More

Eleutheropolis  

Dov Gera

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Eleutheropolis (Arabic Beit Jibrin; Hebrew Beth Govrin, Beit Guvrin) is situated in Judea’s Shephelah on the southwesterly road from Jerusalem to Ascalon. This area was known as Idumaea in the ... More

epic, biblical  

Martin J. Brooke

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A late antique genre in which material from the Bible is versified in hexameters. Six major texts survive, the earliest being (1) the Evangeliorum libri IV of *Iuvencus. (2) The Heptateuchos of ... More

Essenes  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Jewish religious group known to have flourished in Judaea in the 1st cent. ce. The doctrines and customs of the Essenes were described in detail by *Josephus and *Philon (4), and in a short notice by ... More

Eupolemus, fl. c. 150 BCE  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Eupolemus (fl. c. 150 bce), a Hellenized Jewish historian from Palestine, wrote (in Greek) On the Kings in Judaea, a popular history of the Jews in a rhetorical style; fragments are quoted ... More

Ezekiel  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Author of the Exagoge, a tragedy in Greek about Moses and the escape of the Israelites from Egypt. Nothing is known of his life, but he must have been a Hellenized Jew active between the ... More

View: