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Accius, Lucius, dramatic poet and literary scholar, 170–c. 86 BCE  

H. D. Jocelyn and Gesine Manuwald

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Of freedman birth. In Rome he had friendly relations with D. *Iunius Brutus Callaicus (consul 138). Anecdotes suggest that Accius believed that literary talent demanded in its context more respect ... More

Acestes  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Acestes (ΑἰγέστηςΑἴγεστος), character in mythology, founder and king of *Segesta (Egesta) in Sicily and of Trojan descent (cf. Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 1. 52.1–4; Schol. Dan. Aen. 1. 550; schol. on ... More

Achates  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Achates, character in mythology, faithful lieutenant of *Aeneas in the Aeneid; a late source ascribes to him the killing of *Protesilaus (Eust. Il. 2. 701).

acrostic  

Don P. Fowler and Peta G. Fowler

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Acrostic (Gk. ἀκροστιχίς, ἀκροστίχιον), a word or phrase formed from the initial letters of a number of consecutive lines of verse. Acrostics may occur by chance (Eust. Il. 24. 1; Gell.NA 14. 6. 4; ... More

Acts of the Pagan (or Heathen) Martyrs  

Edith Mary Smallwood and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Is the name given by modern scholars to about a dozen fragments of Alexandrian nationalist literature, preserved on papyri mostly written in the 2nd or early 3rd cent. ce. The majority of the ... More

Aegritudo Perdicae  

Alun Hudson-Williams and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aegritudo Perdicae, an anonymous Latin *epyllion narrating the calamitous love of Perdicas for his mother, Castalia. Its ascription to *Dracontius is unwarrantable, though it almost ... More

Aelius Melissus  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Aelius Melissus, grammarian contemporary with A. *Gellius (NA 18. 6. 1–3), who derides his work on semantics (De loquendi proprietate).

Aemilius Asper, 2nd cent. CE  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Wrote (lost) commentaries on *Terence, *Sallust, and *Virgil, perhaps with a separate discussion of Virgilian grammar. The fragments (ed. Wessner, 1905) suggest a learned and sensible critic; Aelius ... More

Aemilius Macer  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aemilius Macer, a poet from Verona who died in 16 bce. Some fragments remain of his Ornithogonia and Theriaca; these drew on (but did not translate) works by *Boio and *Nicander (whose Alexipharmaca ... More

Aeneas  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeneas, character in literature and mythology, son of *Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite. In the Iliad he is a prominent Trojan leader, belonging to the younger branch of the royal house, (13. ... More

Aesopus, tragic actor, 1st cent. BCE  

George Chatterton Richards and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Tragic actor, “dignified” (Hor. Epist. 2.1.82), contemporary of Q. *Roscius (Quint. Inst. 11.3.111 “Roscius is livelier, Aesopus more dignified”). He gave *Cicero lessons in elocution ... More

Aetna, Latin didactic poem by unknown poet, 1st half of 1st cent. CE  

Harry Morrison Hine

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aetna, Latin *didactic poem of unknown authorship. It attempts to explain the volcanic activity of Mt. Etna (see aetna (1)).The poem is ascribed to Virgil in our earliest MSS and included amongst his ... More

Afranius, Lucius (1), Roman poet, 2nd half of 2nd cent. BCE  

Peter G. M. Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Afranius, Lucius, author of fabulae togatae in the second half of the 2nd cent. bce, the most famous and best represented author of this genre, with over 40 titles and 400 lines surviving; perhaps ... More

Agennius Urbicus  

Brian Campbell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Agennius Urbicus, writer on surveying (see gromatici) produced commentary on *Frontinus' treatise On Land Disputes.

agricultural writers  

M. Stephen Spurr

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agricultural manuals, written by practising landowners, flourished at Rome from M. *Porcius Cato (1) (c.160 bce) to *Palladius (c.Mid 5th cent. ce), enjoying higher status than other technical ... More

Albinovanus Pedo  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albinovanus Pedo, a well-known wit and raconteur (Sen. Ep. 122. 15; Quint. Inst. 9. 3. 61) who exercised his wit in writing epigrams; *Martial often mentions him as one of his models. He ... More

Albinus (2), writer on music, geometry, and dialectic  

Edward Courtney and R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albinus (2) writer on music, geometry, and dialectic, probably identical with Ceionius Rufius Albinus (PLRE 1 ‘Albinus’ 14), the consul of ce 335, and perhaps with the poet of works ... More

Albucius Silus, Gaius  

M. Winterbottom

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albucius Silus, Gaius, Augustan orator and teacher of rhetoric, from Novaria (Novara) in *Cisalpine Gaul. His life is summarized by Suetonius (Gram. et Rhet.30). The elder Seneca, who ... More

Albunea  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albunea, sulphurous spring and stream near *Tibur with a famous waterfall, and its homonymous nymph (cf. Hor. Carm. 1. 7. 12), classed as a *Sibyl by *Varro (Lactant. Div. Inst. 1. 6. 12) ... More

alcoholism, Roman  

John Maxwell O'Brien and Barney Rickenbacker

The ancient Romans were as interested in the harmful effects of excessive drinking and chronic intoxication as their Greek counterparts. In On the Nature of Things, *Lucretius writes that wine's fury ... More

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