You are looking at  1-20 of 260 articles  for:

  • Science, Technology, and Medicine x
Clear All

View:

abacus  

Serafina Cuomo

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
An abacus (ἄβαξ, ἀβάκιον), a counting board, was the usual aid to reckoning in antiquity. The Greeks and Romans alike used a board with vertical columns, on which (working from right to left) units, ... More

abortion  

Robert Sallares

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Abortion was controversial in antiquity. Doctors taking the Hippocratic Oath (see hippocrates (2)) swore not to administer abortifacients, but other Hippocratic texts suggest that prostitutes (see ... More

acoustics  

Andrew Barker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
5th-cent. theories about sound fall into two groups. Most though not all non-Pythagorean Presocratics were concerned primarily with the process of hearing (see especially Theophr. Sens.; ... More

Adrastus (2), of Aphrodisias, Peripatetic philosopher, 2nd cent. CE  

Andrew Barker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
RE, of Aphrodisias, *Peripatetic philosopher (2nd cent. ce). His influential writings included commentaries on the order of *Aristotle's works (mainly philological); on Nicomachean Ethics and ... More

Aëtius (2), of Amida, physician, fl. c. 530–560 CE  

John Scarborough

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In *Alexandria (1) and Constantinople. He wrote an extant medical encyclopaedia, called the Tetrabiblon from its division into four sections. Beginning with a summary of drug theory (see ... More

Agathinus, Spartan doctor, 1st cent. CE  

J. T. Vallance

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Agathinus (Claudius Agathinus) a Spartandoctor of the 1st cent. CE, associated with the medical sect of the *Pneumatists and by at least one ancient source with the establishment of an ... More

Agnodice  

Helen King

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Appears in *Hyginus (3) (Fab.274) in a list of discoverers and inventors. She is described as an Athenian girl who lived at a time when there were no *midwives, because women and slaves ... More

agricultural writers  

M. Stephen Spurr

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agricultural manuals, written by practising landowners, flourished at Rome from M. *Porcius Cato (1) (c.160 bce) to *Palladius (c.Mid 5th cent. ce), enjoying higher status than other technical ... More

Albinus (2), writer on music, geometry, and dialectic  

Edward Courtney and R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albinus (2) writer on music, geometry, and dialectic, probably identical with Ceionius Rufius Albinus (PLRE 1 ‘Albinus’ 14), the consul of ce 335, and perhaps with the poet of works ... More

alchemy  

R. Halleux

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Of ancient texts on Greek alchemy there survive two papyri, three vast corpora of differing date and content, and a few isolated treatises. (a) Papyrus X from Leiden and the Stockholm papyrus can be ... More

Alexander (15) Philalethes, 'Truth-lover', physician, fl. later 1st cent. BCE?  

Heinrich von Staden

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alexander (15) Philalethes (‘Truth-lover’), a physician (fl. later 1st cent. bce?), succeeded *Zeuxis (3) as leader of the Asian branch of *Herophilus's ‘school’. Alexander's views on digestion, on ... More

Alexander (16), of Tralles, physician, 525–605 CE  

John Scarborough

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alexander (16), of Tralles, physician, 525–605 ce, died in Rome. The author of an extant encyclopaedia of practical medicine, Alexander shows his continual adaptation of Graeco-Roman texts in light ... More

anabolē  

Cecil Maurice Bowra, Eveline Krummen, and Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anabolē, musical term (see music), used of the striking-up of a musical instrument (esp. of the lyre, Od. 1. 155, 8. 266: ἀνεβάλλετο), a non-vocal prelude serving as a signal to dancers and singers ... More

anatomy and physiology  

J. T. Vallance

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The examination of the parts of the body, their forms, location, nature, function, and interrelations (to adapt the list provided by A. *Cornelius Celsus in the proem to book 1 of the De ... More

Andreas, d. 217 BCE  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Physician and court doctor of *Ptolemy (1) IV (Philopator), follower of *Herophilus. Works: Νάρθηξ (a pharmacopoeia, with descriptions of plants and roots); Περὶ δακέτων (on snake-bites); Περὶ τῶν ... More

animals, knowledge about  

J. T. Vallance

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Animals are the mirror of nature, claimed *Epicurus (quoted in Cic. Fin. 2. 32), echoing a view widely held in different ways throughout antiquity. But others added that animals mirror culture as ... More

Anthimus  

Robert Browning

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anthimus was a Greek doctor attached to the court of the emperor Zeno (ce 474–91) who was involved in treasonable relations with the Ostrogothic king *Theoderic (2) Strabo in 481. He fled Roman ... More

anthropology  

J. T. Vallance

It is probably misleading, though not entirely inappropriate, to use this word to describe the ancient study of man and society. Misleading, because anthropology did not really exist as the kind of ... More

Antichthon/Antipodes  

Alfred Hiatt

The terms antipodes and antichthones, along with others such as antoikoi and perioikoi, referred to hypothetical peoples dwelling beyond the extent of the known world. These terms were the product of ... More

Antikythera Mechanism  

Alexander Jones

The Antikythera Mechanism (National Archaeological Museum, Athens, inv. X 15087) was a Hellenistic gearwork device for displaying astronomical and chronological functions. Substantial but ... More

View: