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Aenesidemus, of Cnossus, Sceptic philosopher

Aenesidemus of Cnossus, sceptical philosopher, revived Pyrrhonism (see pyrrhon) in the 1st cent. bce, probably as a reaction to the decline of scepticism in the Academy under Philon (3) of Larissa. He taught at some point in Alexandria (1). His works are lost, but versions of his ‘Modes of Inducing Suspension of Judgement’ (Τρόποι‎τῆς‎ἐποχῆς‎) are preserved by Philon (4) Judaeus, Diogenes Laertius, and Sextus Empiricus. Photius (Bibl. cod. 212) has a summary of his Πυρρώνειοι‎λόγοι‎ (‘Pyrrhonian Arguments’) in eight books, dedicated to L. Aelius Tubero, an Academic and friend of Cicero. Sextus also ascribes to Aenesidemus a set of modes of argument against causal explanation.


R. Bett, Pyrrho, His Antecedents and His Legacy (2000).Find this resource:

    J. Annas and J. Barnes, The Modes of Scepticism (1985).Find this resource:

      See also bibliography under Sceptics.

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