Summary and Keywords
Bishop Damasus of Rome was the builder of Christian Rome and papal power in the 4th century. Following a double election, Damasus succesfully fought the schism instigated by his rival Ursinus. Damasus established the cult of the martyrs in the Roman catacombs and commissioned Jerome to revise the Latin translation of the Bible. A great promoter of the preeminence of Rome (“primacy of Peter”) among the churches, Damasus enjoyed the support of Emperor Theodosius I, but his relations with the East were strained.
Keywords: Roman bishopric, Arian crisis, Ursinian schism, cult of the martyrs of Rome, Liberian catalogue, Christian tomb inscriptions, pagan and Christian conceptions of afterlife, Damasian carmina, Jerome, Vulgate, Christian Rome
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