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Acheron, a river of Thesprotia in southern Epirus which breaks through an impenetrable gorge into the Acherusian plain where a lake (named Acherusia) lay in ancient times. The river empties into the Ionian Sea at the ancient Glycys Limen (or ‘sweet harbour’). Homer (Od. 10. 513) describes the Acheron as a river of Hades into which the Cocytus and Pyriphlegethon streams flow, the place where Odysseus consulted the spirits of the Underworld (Od.11). Herodotus (5. 92. 7) mentions a death oracle (nekyomanteion) by the banks of the river where one called forth dead spirits for consultation. Remains of such an oracle have been excavated near Mesopotamo (see ephyra).


R. Bell, Place Names in Classical Mythology (1989), 4–5.Find this resource:

    S. I. Dakaris, The Antiquity of Epirus (n.d.), 3–7.Find this resource:

      A. Philippson and E. Kirsten, Die griechischen Landschaften 1–4 (1950–1959), 2. 101–104.Find this resource:

        D. Strauch and F. Graf, Brill’s New Pauly 1 (2002), 86–87.Find this resource:

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