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Acrae

Acrae (near mod. Palazzolo Acreide), founded by Syracuse in 663 bce (Thuc. 6. 5. 3), stands on a hill protected by steep cliffs, commanding the westward route from the Syracusan plain. It enjoyed local self-government, but its fortunes were throughout its history linked with those of its metropolis. A late Archaic temple is known on the acropolis, but other known monuments are Hellenistic: a theatre, perhaps built under Hieron (2) II, a bouleutērion, and a paved artery linking this with the agora. The series of extramural rock-cut reliefs in honour of Cybele is unique. Also of note is a Hellenistic inscription found near Acrae, variously interpreted as oracular or as part of an epic poem. Acrae declined under the empire, but extensive catacombs reveal it as still inhabited in the 4th and 5th cent. ce.

Bibliography

R. Stillwell and others, Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1976), 26–27.Find this resource:

    E. Gabba and G. Vallet (eds.), La Sicilia antica (1980), 1. 497–507.Find this resource:

      L. Bernabò Brea, Akrai (1956).Find this resource:

        L. Bernabò Brea, Il tempio di Afrodite di Akrai (1986).Find this resource:

          Inscription: Supplementum epigraphicum Graecum 31. 821–2.Find this resource:

            Cf. Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 50 (1983), 1–6;Find this resource:

              60 (1985), 78–9;Find this resource:

                63 (1986), 47–51.Find this resource:

                  M. H. Hansen and T. H. Nielsen (eds.), An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis (2004), no. 10.Find this resource:

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