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Text and bibliography updated to reflect current scholarship. Keywords and summary added.

Updated on 25 January 2019. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 23 April 2019

Summary and Keywords

Roman population size and population trends have been debated for long by proponents of low and high counts; these have recently been joined by proponents of a middle count. Each is based on a different interpretation of the enigmatic Roman census figures. Different understandings of patterns of death and disease, of marriage, of childbearing, and of infanticide follow on from these interpretations. Recent studies have added new perspectives, drawing on archaeological finds, and have started to pay more attention to migration flows.

Keywords: Roman, population size, population development, census, demography, urbanization, mortality, fertility, migration

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