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Climate and Simulation  

Gabriele Gramelsberger

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Subject:
Modeling
Climate and simulation have become interwoven concepts during the past decades because, on the one hand, climate scientists shouldn’t experiment with real climate and, on the other hand, ... More

Climate of the Mediterranean Region  

Ricardo García-Herrera and David Barriopedro

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
The Mediterranean is a semi-enclosed sea surrounded by Europe to the north, Asia to the east, and Africa to the south. It covers an area of approximately 2.5 million km2, between 30–46 °N ... More

Hail and Hailstorms  

Julian Brimelow

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Hail has been identified as the largest contributor to insured losses from thunderstorms globally, with losses costing the insurance industry billions of dollars each year. Yet, of all ... More

Numerical Methods in Atmospheric Models  

Fedor Mesinger, Miodrag Rančić, and R. James Purser

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
The astonishing development of computer technology since the mid-20th century has been accompanied by a corresponding proliferation in the numerical methods that have been developed to ... More

Uncertainty Quantification in Multi-Model Ensembles  

Benjamin Mark Sanderson

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Long-term planning for many sectors of society—including infrastructure, human health, agriculture, food security, water supply, insurance, conflict, and migration—requires an assessment ... More

Climate of the Sahel and West Africa  

Sharon E. Nicholson

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
This article provides an in-depth look at all aspects of the climate of the Sahel, including the pervasive dust in the Sahelian atmosphere. Emphasis is on two aspects: West African monsoon ... More

Predictability of Decadal Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Variations  

Florian Sévellec and Bablu Sinha

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
The Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) is a large, basin-scale circulation located in the Atlantic Ocean that transports climatically important quantities of heat ... More

Projections for Temperature, Precipitation, Wind, and Snow in the Baltic Sea Region until 2100  

Ole Bøssing Christensen and Erik Kjellström

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
The ecosystems and the societies of the Baltic Sea region are quite sensitive to fluctuations in climate, and therefore it is expected that anthropogenic climate change will affect the ... More

Climate Change and Severe Thunderstorms  

John T. Allen

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
The response of severe thunderstorms to a changing climate is a rapidly growing area of research. Severe thunderstorms are one of the largest contributors to global losses in excess of USD ... More

Post-Glacial Baltic Sea Ecosystems  

Ilppo Vuorinen

Post-glacial aquatic ecosystems in Eurasia and North America, such as the Baltic Sea, evolved in the freshwater, brackish, and marine environments that fringed the melting glaciers. ... More

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