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Adaptation to Current and Future Climate in Pastoral Communities Across Africa  

Edna Wangui

Pastoralists around the world are exposed to climate change and increasing climate variability. Various downscaled regional climate models in Africa support community reports of rising ... More

Adaptive Governance  

Ronald D. Brunner and Amanda H. Lynch

Adaptive governance is defined by a focus on decentralized decision-making structures and procedurally rational policy, supported by intensive natural and social science. Decentralized ... More

Climate and Health across Africa  

Benjamin F. Zaitchik

Humans have understood the importance of climate to human health since ancient times. In some cases, the connections appear to be obvious: a flood can cause drownings, a drought can lead ... More

Climate Change Adaptation Strategies of Local Governments in Japan  

Kenshi Baba, Masahiro Matsuura, Taiko Kudo, Shigeru Watanabe, Shun Kawakubo, Akiko Chujo, Hiroharu Tanaka, and Mitsuru Tanaka

The latest climate change adaptation strategies adopted by local governments in Japan are discussed. A nationwide survey demonstrates several significant findings. While some prefectures ... More

Climate Change and Geopolitics  

Simon Dalby

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Historic discussions of climate often suggested that it caused societies to have certain qualities. In the 19th-century, imperial representations of the world environment frequently ... More

Climate Change and Migration  

Silja Klepp

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The topic of climate change and migration attracts a strong following from the media and produces an increase in academic literature and reports from international governmental ... More

Climate Change Policy in the European Union  

Tim Rayner and Andrew Jordan

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The European Union (EU) has long claimed, with some justification, to be a leader in international climate policy. Its policy activities in this area, dating from the early 1990s, have had ... More

The Climate Change Regime  

Philipp Pattberg and Oscar Widerberg

In 1992, when the international community agreed on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the science of climate change was under development, global ... More

Climate Multilateralism  

Eduardo Viola and Joana Castro Pereira

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Climate Policy and Governance across Africa  

Opha Pauline Dube

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Communicating about Biodiversity, Public Engagement, and Climate Change  

Mikko Rask and Richard Worthington

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The term public engagement (PE) refers to processes that provide a distinct role for citizens or stakeholder groups in policymaking. Such engagement is distinctive because it aims to ... More

Communicating about Carbon Capture and Storage  

Amanda Boyd

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has emerged as a potential strategy for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It involves the capture of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from large point ... More

Communicating about Carbon Taxes and Emissions Trading Programs  

Erick Lachapelle

In debates surrounding policy options for mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, economists of various political stripes are near unanimous in their advocacy of putting a price on ... More

Communicating about Climate Change with Policymakers  

Ishani Mukherjee and Michael Howlett

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Policy communication and the resulting influence that information has on policy decision-makers is an especially pertinent topic when it comes to problems of climate change. Notorious for ... More

Communicating about Hydropower, Dams, and Climate Change  

Emma Lundberg, Caroline Gottschalk Druschke, Bridie McGreavy, Sara Randall, Tyler Quiring, Alison Fisher, Francesca Soluri, Hannah Dallas, David Hart, and Kevin Gardner

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
As the global imperative for sustainable energy builds and with hydroelectricity proposed as one aspect of a sustainable energy profile, public discourse reflects the complex and competing ... More

Communication, Negotiation, and Influence at International Climate Change Meetings and Summits  

Hartmut Wessler, Julia Lück, and Antal Wozniak

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The annual United Nations Climate Change Conferences, officially called Conferences of the Parties (COPs), are the main drivers of media attention to climate change around the world. Even ... More

Communication Strategies of Environmental NGOs and Advocacy Groups  

Steven Yearley

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Environmental organizations have been critically important in publicizing and supplying arguments about climate change, just as with the other environmental issues facing contemporary ... More

Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change  

Tim Forsyth

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Community-based adaptation (CBA) to climate change is an approach to adaptation that aims to include vulnerable people in the design and implementation of adaptation measures. The most ... More

Countering Climate Science Denial and Communicating Scientific Consensus  

John Cook

Scientific agreement on climate change has strengthened over the past few decades, with around 97% of publishing climate scientists agreeing that human activity is causing global warming. ... More

The 1.5°C Target, Political Implications, and the Role of BECCS  

Sabine Fuss

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The 2°C target for global warming had been under severe scrutiny in the run-up to the climate negotiations in Paris in 2015 (COP21). Clearly, with a remaining carbon budget of 470–1,020 ... More

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