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Gender and Punishment  

Lynne Haney and Lili Dao

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
In many respects, gender has been missing from the enormous literature on the form and focus of state systems of punishment. This is true in both the historical accounts on shifts in penal ... More

General Strain Theory  

Timothy Brezina

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
General strain theory (GST) provides a unique explanation of crime and delinquency. In contrast to control and learning theories, GST focuses explicitly on negative treatment by others and ... More

Global Security Surveillance  

Keith Guzik and Gary T. Marx

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Recent literature at the intersections of surveillance, security, and globalization trace the contours of global security surveillance (GSS), a distinct form of social control that ... More

The Global Traffic in Looted Cultural Objects  

Donna Yates

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
The looting, trafficking, and illicit sale of cultural objects is a form of transnational crime with significant social and legal dimensions that call into question competing ideas of ... More

Gothic Criminology  

Cecil Greek

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Gothic criminology was developed in the first decade of the 21st century as a postmodern theoretical model, incorporating elements from key criminological/sociological texts and themes ... More

Graffiti  

Andrzej Zieleniec

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Graffiti has a long history. There are many examples from the history of human cultures of signs and symbols left on walls as remnants of human presence. However, the origins of modern ... More

Green Criminology, Culture, and Cinema  

Bill McClanahan, Avi Brisman, and Nigel South

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Since first proposed by Brisman and South, green cultural criminology has sought to interrogate human-environment interactions in order to locate meaning. Within the broad framework of ... More

Group Processes Within Gangs  

Timothy R. Lauger

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Street gangs are, by definition, social groups that contain patterns of interactions between gang members, associates, and other gangs in their social environment. The structure and ... More

Guardianship and Informal Social Control  

Danielle M. Reynald

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This article provides a critical overview of the concepts of guardianship and informal social control. The discussion compares these fundamental criminological concepts and highlights ... More

Guilt or Innocence: Lessons About the Legal Process in American Courtroom Films  

Paul Bergman

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
American courtroom films depicting criminal trials have long resonated with audiences around the world, including viewers in countries whose legal systems are very different from those ... More

Historical Approaches to the Study of Crime, Media, and Popular Culture  

Paul Knepper

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Historical study of crime, media, and popular culture has been underway since “the cultural turn” in the social sciences and humanities in the 1980s. Since then, a diverse literature has ... More

Historical Representations of Crime and the Criminal  

Eamonn Carrabine

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
The enduring popular fascination with crime and criminality suggests that history matters. In the most obvious sense, current representations of crime in the media bear traces of earlier ... More

The History of Gangs and Gang Research  

Mark S. Fleisher

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Radical culture change instigated by conflict among diverse cultural groups has had adverse social and psychological effects witnessed by the rise of youth gangs. A close look at the ... More

Homicide in Television Drama Series  

Penny Crofts

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This chapter analyzes the representation of homicide in contemporary television drama series. The chapter draws upon critical analysis from the fields of criminal law, criminology, law and ... More

Human Rights and Penal Policy  

Joachim Savelsberg and Suzy McElrath

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Structural and cultural changes in the modernization process, combined with contingent historical events, gave rise to a human rights regime. It is codified in the Universal Declaration of ... More

Human Trafficking and the Media in the United States  

Rachel Austin and Amy Farrell

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Although the exploitation of people for profit is not a new phenomenon, in the late 1990s and early 2000s international leaders, advocates, and the public became increasingly concerned ... More

Ideology in the Crime Genre  

Timothy O. Lenz

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The media inform the public about crime while also reflecting and shaping thinking about crime. The news media primarily provide information when they report on crime as part of the ... More

Image-Based Sexual Abuse  

Asher Flynn and Nicola Henry

Image-based sexual abuse (IBSA) is a form of technology-facilitated sexual violence. The term describes a pattern of behaviors involving the nonconsensual creation, distribution, or ... More

Images of Alternative Justice: The Alternative of Restorative Justice  

Brunilda Pali

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This article analyzes the tension created between the lack of images and the imagination of alternative justice from the particular perspective of “restorative justice.” The most sustained ... More

Immigration and Crime  

Frances Bernat

In the context of crime, victimization, and immigration in the United States, research shows that people are afraid of immigrants because they think immigrants are a threat to their safety ... More

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