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Capital Punishment, Closure, and Media  

Jody Madeira

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
In contemporary society, “closure” refers to “end to a traumatic event or an emotional process” (Berns, 2011, pp. 18–19)—and, in the more specific context of capital punishment, ... More

Collateral Sanctions  

Alec C. Ewald

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Subject:
Corrections
Collateral sanctions are legal restrictions on the rights and privileges of people who have experienced contact with the criminal justice system, particularly contact resulting in ... More

Correctional Programming and Gender  

Gina Fedock and Stephanie S. Covington

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
As the number of women under correctional supervision continues to increase in the United States, attention to gender within correctional programming is crucial as women offenders present ... More

Disciplinary Segregation in Prison  

Benjamin Steiner

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Disciplinary segregation is a punishment that prison officials impose in response to inmate violations of prison rules such as assaulting another inmate or disrespecting an officer. ... More

Electronic Monitoring  

Julie Brancale, Thomas G. Blomberg, and William D. Bales

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Subject:
Corrections
The movements of accused and convicted offenders in many countries around the world are increasingly being monitored with electronic supervision tools. Individuals can be placed on ... More

Executive Clemency in the United States  

Margaret Colgate Love

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Executive clemency has a rich history in the United States, both as an agent of justice and as a tool of politics. A presidential power to pardon was included in Article II of the ... More

Fines and Monetary Sanctions  

Alexes Harris and Frank Edwards

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Subject:
Corrections
Despite the central role that fines and other fiscal penalties play in systems of criminal justice, they have received relatively little scholarly attention. Court systems impose fines and ... More

Gender and Community-Based Correctional Programs for Women  

Nicole Kaufman

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
In the contemporary era of “tough on crime” policies and the globalized drug war, the number of women in the criminal justice system has increased across several countries. Women’s ... More

Gender and Punishment  

Lynne Haney and Lili Dao

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
In many respects, gender has been missing from the enormous literature on the form and focus of state systems of punishment. This is true in both the historical accounts on shifts in penal ... More

Immigration Detention and Punishment  

Sarah Turnbull

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Corrections
The use of detention for immigration purposes is a carceral trend that continues to increase across the world and is a phenomenon no longer limited to so-called western countries or the ... More

Incarceration Effects on Families  

Sara Wakefield and Janet Garcia-Hallett

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Corrections
The rapid rise in the incarceration rate, most notably in the United States over the last four decades, has drawn greater attention to the disabilities imposed by incarceration experiences ... More

Incarceration Rates in an International Perspective  

Marc Mauer

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Subject:
Corrections
A nation’s rate of incarceration is the number of people incarcerated as a proportion of its total population. Internationally, there is broad variation in the degree to which nations ... More

Prisoner Experiences  

Dawn Moore

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Subject:
Corrections
The variables impacting how one experiences imprisonment are far ranging. George Jackson (1994), a pivotal character in American penal history, wrote that, “[b]lackmen born in the [United ... More

Prison History  

Ashley T. Rubin

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Subject:
Corrections
Prisons are government-sanctioned facilities designed for the long-term confinement of adults as punishment for serious offenses. This definition of prisons, frequently belied by actual ... More

Re-Entry Experiences of Women  

Sarah R. Bostrom and Melinda Tasca

Online publication date:
May 2018
The re-entry experiences of women are an important area of inquiry given the continued rise in female imprisonment. Since most inmates will be released, reintegration is a chief policy ... More

Risk, Actuarialism, and Punishment  

Hazel Kemshall

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Subject:
Corrections
Risk is a pervasive feature of contemporary life, and has become a key feature of penal policy, systems of punishment, and criminal justice services across a number of the Anglophone ... More

Supervision in the Community: Probation and Parole  

Michelle S. Phelps and Caitlin Curry

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Subject:
Corrections
Over the past half-century, the number of adults under criminal justice supervision increased precipitously in some Western countries, with carceral control in the United States reaching ... More

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