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A Review of the Validity of Juvenile Risk Assessment Across Race/Ethnicity  

Christina Campbell and William Miller

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Juvenile risk assessment instruments have provided juvenile courts with the opportunity to make standardized decisions concerning sentences and intervention needs. Risk assessments have ... More

Critical Perspectives on Gangs  

David C. Brotherton

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The majority of studies on youth gangs are in the tradition of positivistic social science. When natural science is taken as the paradigm, a premium is placed on the value neutrality of ... More

The Eurogang Program of Research  

Finn-Aage Esbensen and Cheryl L. Maxson

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The Eurogang Program of Research is a loosely knit network of researchers and policymakers with an interest in better understanding troublesome youth groups. While the group is guided by a ... More

Examining the School-to-Prison Pipeline Metaphor  

Kayla Crawley and Paul Hirschfield

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The school-to-prison pipeline (STPP) is a commonly used metaphor that was developed to describe the many ways in which schools have become a conduit to the juvenile and criminal justice ... More

The Extent and Nature of Gang Crime  

Lauren Magee and Chris Melde

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Street gangs have been the focus of attention for over a century, largely due to their reputation for involvement in illegal activities, especially violence. Indeed, gangs use this ... More

Gang Joining  

James A. Densley

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This article examines the who, what, where, when, why, and how of gang joining. The question of what youth join when they join gangs speaks to the contested nature of gang definitions and ... More

Gang Organization and Gang Types  

Christian L. Bolden

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Gang organization has been an aspect of research that is often explored and debated. The concept of organization is intertwined with questions of whether gangs have leaders, whether gangs ... More

Gender and Gang Involvement  

Dana Peterson

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Sex and gender are often conflated, but there are important distinctions between the two. This is true also with terms related to gender identity, including masculinities and femininities ... More

The History of Gangs and Gang Research  

Mark S. Fleisher

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Radical culture change instigated by conflict among diverse cultural groups has had adverse social and psychological effects witnessed by the rise of youth gangs. A close look at the ... More

Policing American Gangs and Gang Members  

Madeleine Novich

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Gangs have been subjects of extensive empirical research since the 1920s. Scholarly interest in gangs was largely due to gang members’ increased likelihood of engaging in delinquent ... More

School Climate  

Allison Ann Payne and Denise C. Gottfredson

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
School violence, drug use, bullying, theft, and vandalism are costly and interfere with academic achievement. Beyond the cost of personal injury and property damage and loss, school crime ... More

Sexuality and Gang Involvement  

Vanessa R. Panfil

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Recent gang research has explored various dimensions of diversity including sexuality and has provided important insights regarding sexual identity and sexual behavior within the context ... More

White-Collar Delinquency  

Andrea Schoepfer

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Studies of white-collar crime have largely focused on the crimes and immoral and unethical actions of adults during the course of their legitimate occupations, yet adults are not the only ... More

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