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Optimum Currency Areas Past and Future  

Barry Eichengreen

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The literature on optimum currency areas differs from that on other topics in economic theory in a number of notable respects. Most obviously, the theory is framed in verbal rather than ... More

Outlier Detection  

Bent Nielsen

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Predictive Regressions  

Jesús Gonzalo and Jean-Yves Pitarakis

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Price Regulation and Pay for Performance in Public Health Systems  

Luigi Siciliani

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Payment systems based on fixed prices have become the dominant model to finance hospitals across OECD countries. In the early 1980s, Medicare in the United States introduced the Diagnosis ... More

Price Regulation and Pharmaceuticals  

A. McGuire

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Pharmaceutical expenditure accounts for approximately 20% of healthcare expenditure across the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. Pharmaceutical ... More

Public Finance and Soft Budgets  

Rosella Levaggi

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
The concept of soft budget constraint, describes a situation where a decision-maker finds it impossible to keep an agent to a fixed budget. In healthcare it may refer to a (nonprofit) ... More

Qualitative Methods in Health Economics  

Joanna Coast and Manuela De Allegri

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Qualitative methods are being used increasingly by health economists, but most health economists are not trained in these methods and may need to develop expertise in this area. This ... More

The Spatial Dimension of Health Systems  

Elisa Tosetti, Rita Santos, Francesco Moscone, and Giuseppe Arbia

The spatial dimension of supply and demand factors is a very important feature of healthcare systems. Differences in health and behavior across individuals are due not only to personal ... More

Technology, Productivity, and Costs in Healthcare  

Albert A. Okunade and Ahmad Reshad Osmani

Online publication date:
May 2018
Healthcare cost encompasses expenditures on the totality of scarce resources (implicit and explicit) given up (or allocated) to produce healthcare goods (e.g., drugs and medical devices) ... More

Time Preferences for Health  

Marjon van der Pol and Alastair Irvine

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
The interest in eliciting time preferences for health has increased rapidly since the early 1990s. It has two main sources: a concern over the appropriate methods for taking timing into ... More

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