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Age-Period-Cohort Models  

Bent Nielsen

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Aging and Health Care Costs  

Martin Karlsson, Tor Iversen, and Henning Øien

An open issue in the economics literature is whether health care expenditure (HCE) is so concentrated in the last years before death that the age profiles in spending will change when ... More

Antitrust Law as a Problem in Economics  

Chris Sagers

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
“Antitrust” or “competition law,” a set of policies now existing in most market economies, largely consists of two or three specific rules applied in more or less the same way in most ... More

Behavioral Experiments in Health Economics  

Matteo M. Galizzi and Daniel Wiesen

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The state-of-the-art literature at the interface between experimental and behavioral economics and health economics is reviewed by identifying and discussing 10 areas of potential debate ... More

The Business Cycle and Health  

Cristina Bellés-Obrero and Judit Vall Castello

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The impact of macroeconomic fluctuations on health and mortality rates has been a highly studied topic in the field of economics. Many studies, using fixed-effects models, find that ... More

Challenges in Financing Universal Health Coverage in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Diane McIntyre, Amarech G. Obse, Edwine W. Barasa, and John E. Ataguba

Online publication date:
May 2018
Within the context of the Sustainable Development Goals, it is important to critically review research on healthcare financing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from the perspective of the ... More

The Cointegrated VAR Methodology  

Katarina Juselius

The cointegrated VAR approach combines differences of variables with cointegration among them and by doing so allows the user to study both long-run and short-run effects in the same ... More

Contemporary Views on Economics of Patents  

Shubha Ghosh

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
A patent is a legal right to exclude granted by the state to the inventor of a novel and useful invention. Much legal ink has been spilled on the meaning of these terms. “Novel” means that ... More

Economic Evaluation of Medical Devices  

Michael Drummond, Rosanna Tarricone, and Aleksandra Torbica

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
There are a number of challenges in the economic evaluation of medical devices (MDs). They are typically less regulated than pharmaceuticals, and the clinical evidence requirements for ... More

Economics and Genomics  

Jason M. Fletcher

Two interrelated advances in genetics have occurred which have ushered in the growing field of genoeconomics. The first is a rapid expansion of so-called big data featuring genetic ... More

The Economics of Childhood and Adolescent Obesity  

Nathan Tefft

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Obesity is widely recognized as a chronic disease characterized by an elevated risk of adverse health conditions in association with excess body fat accumulation. Obesity prevalence ... More

The Economics of Cognitive Aging  

Fabrizio Mazzonna and Franco Peracchi

Online publication date:
May 2018
Population aging, the combined effect of declining fertility and rising life expectancy, is one of the fundamental trends observed in developed counties and, increasingly, in developing ... More

The Economics of Copyright Law and Problems With Its Implementation  

Jeffrey L. Harrison

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Without copyright law, authors would be unable to internalize the benefits of their writings. Copyright law reacts to this by providing authors with a period of exclusivity. The relevant ... More

The Economics of End-of-Life Spending  

Hans Olav Melberg

End-of-life spending is commonly defined as all health costs in the 12 months before death. Typically, the costs represent about 10% of all health expenses in many countries, and there is ... More

The Economics of Families and Health  

Susan Averett and Jennifer Kohn

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
An individual’s health is produced in large part by family investments that start before birth and continue to the end of life. The health of an individual is intertwined with practically ... More

The Economics of Infectious Diseases  

Katharina Hauck

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Economics can make immensely valuable contributions to our understanding of infectious disease transmission and the design of effective policy responses. The one unique characteristic of ... More

The Economics of Malaria Prevention  

Bénédicte Apouey, Gabriel Picone, and Joshua Wilde

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Malaria is a potentially life-threatening disease transmitted through the bites of female anopheline mosquitos infected with protozoan parasites. Malaria remains one of the major causes of ... More

Economics of Rural–Urban Migration  

Pei-Ju Liao and Chong Kee Yip

In the past century, many developing countries have experienced rapid economic development, which is usually associated with a process of structural transformation and urbanization. ... More

The Economics of Smoking Prevention  

Philip DeCicca, Donald S. Kenkel, Michael F. Lovenheim, and Erik Nesson

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Smoking prevention has been a key component of health policy in developed nations for over half a century. Public policies to reduce the physical harm attributed to cigarette smoking, both ... More

Effectiveness and Availability of Treatment for Substance Use Disorders  

Dominic Hodgkin and Hilary S. Connery

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Drug and alcohol use disorders, also called substance use disorders (SUD), are among the major health problems facing many countries, contributing a substantial burden in terms of ... More

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