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date: 22 March 2019

Technology Proficiency in Teaching and Facilitating

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education. Please check back later for the full article.

Technology proficiency is the ability to use technology to communicate effectively and professionally, organize information, produce high-quality products, and enhance thinking skill. In classroom settings, technology proficiency refers to the ability of teachers to integrate technology to teach, facilitate, and improve learning, productivity, and performance. These abilities are needed to participate in a technological world. Technology proficiency will guide teachers to encounter and explore a wide variety of technological devices in order to have the possibility to know and choose those that best respond to teaching content and pedagogical aims. Basic proficiency in information technologies among teachers is typically used to communicate electronically, organize activities and information, and create documents in schools or higher education institutions.

Proficiency in using technological devices can be achieved through experience and instruction. It is a necessary condition to introduce, experiment with, and maintain an accessible technological tool for teaching practices. Technology proficiency in fact seems relevant for many aspects of the teaching profession, such as lesson preparation. Other aspects that impact teacher decisions to introduce technology into classroom activities are beliefs about the way the subject should be taught and skills associated with competence in managing classroom activities. Teachers must be able to apply the technology knowledge and skills required in their professional job role and responsibilities in order to achieve the expected outputs.