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Agricultural Dispersals in Mediterranean and Temperate Europe  

Aurélie Salavert

Along with ceramics production, sedentism, and herding, agriculture is a major component of the Neolithic as it is defined in Europe. Therefore, the agricultural system of the first ... More

Agricultural Subsidies and the Environment  

Heather Williams

Worldwide, governments subsidize agriculture at the rate of approximately 1 billion dollars per day. This figure rises to about twice that when export and biofuels production subsidies and ... More

Benefit Transfer for Ecosystem Services  

Kevin J. Boyle and Christopher F. Parmeter

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Benefit transfer is the projection of benefits from one place and time to another time at the same place or to a new place. Thus, benefit transfer includes the adaptation of an original ... More

Deliberative Monetary Valuation  

Bartosz Bartkowski and Nele Lienhoop

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Early History of Animal Domestication in Southwest Asia  

Benjamin S. Arbuckle

The domestication of livestock animals has long been recognized as one of the most important and influential events in human prehistory and has been the subject of scholarly inquiry for ... More

Economics of Invasive Species  

Mark Eiswerth, Chad Lawley, and Michael H. Taylor

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Introductions of non-native invasive species can harm ecosystems, heighten the risk of native species extinctions and population reductions, and lead to substantial economic damages on a ... More

Economics of Low Carbon Agriculture  

Dominic Moran and Jorie Knook

Climate change is already having a significant impact on agriculture through greater weather variability and the increasing frequency of extreme events. International policy is rightly ... More

The Economics of Oil Spills  

Maria L. Loureiro and Maria Alló

Online publication date:
May 2017
Vessel oil spills are very serious natural hazards that have affected coasts worldwide for many decades. Although oil spills from tankers are highly publicized, very little is known about ... More

Economics of Reforestation and Afforestation  

Daowei Zhang

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Reforestation is the natural or intentional restocking of existing forests and woodlands that have been harvested or depleted, and afforestation is the establishing of a forest in an area ... More

The Economics of Watershed Management  

Brent M. Haddad

Watersheds are physical regions from which all arriving water flows to a single exit point. The shared hydrology means that other biophysical systems are linked, typically with ... More

Environmental Economic Instruments in Mexico  

Marisol Rivera-Planter, Carlos Muñoz-Piña, and Mariza Montes de Oca

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Environmental Economics and the Anthropocene  

V. Kerry Smith

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Geologists’ reframing of the global changes arising from human impacts can be used to consider how the insights from environmental economics inform policy under this new perspective. They ... More

The Environmental Kuznets Curve  

David I. Stern

Online publication date:
May 2017
The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) is a hypothesized relationship between environmental degradation and GDP per capita. In the early stages of economic growth, pollution emissions and ... More

Global and Regional Economic Damages from Climate Change  

Anil Markandya, Elena Paglialunga, Valeria Costantini, and Giorgia Sforna

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Economic damage from climate change includes several aspects that need to be considered at the global and regional levels to achieve an equitable common solution to global warming. The ... More

How Environmental Degradation Impoverishes the Poor  

Edward B. Barbier

Globally, around 1.5 billion people in developing countries, or approximately 35% of the rural population, can be found on less-favored agricultural land (LFAL), which is susceptible to ... More

How to Make Individual Transferable Quotas Work Economically, Socially, and Environmentally  

Rashid Sumaila

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The economic tool of individual transferable quotas (ITQs) gives their owners exclusive and transferable rights to catch a given portion of the total allowable catch (TAC) of a given fish ... More

The Impacts of Environmental Regulation on the U.S. Economy  

Ann E. Ferris, Richard Garbaccio, Alex Marten, and Ann Wolverton

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Concern regarding the economic impacts of environmental regulations has been part of the public dialogue since the beginning of the U.S. EPA. Even as large improvements in environmental ... More

Input-Output Models Applied to Environmental Analysis  

Joaquim Guilhoto

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Interface Urban Forest Management in an Urbanizing Landscape  

Maria A. Cunha-e-Sá and Sofia F. Franco

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The Life Satisfaction Approach to Environmental Valuation  

Christopher Fleming and Christopher Ambrey

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The method and practice of placing monetary values on environmental goods and services for which a conventional market price is otherwise unobservable is one of the most fertile areas of ... More

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