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Civil Wars  

Stathis N. Kalyvas and Paul D. Kenny

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
A civil war, also known as intrastate war, is a war between organized groups within the same state or country. It is a high-intensity conflict that often involves regular armed forces. One ... More

Civil Wars, Scientific Study of  

Idean Salehyan and Clayton L. Thyne

Print publication date:
Dec 2014
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Civil war is an armed conflict between the state and another organized domestic party over a contested political incompatibility, which results in a number of casualties exceeding a ... More

Classical Geopolitics Revisited  

Klaus Dodds

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Classical geopolitics is fundamentally concerned with the role that location and resources play in the exercise of political power over territory. The term "geopolitics" was first coined ... More

Clusters and Regional Development  

Sanjoy Chakravorty

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Development
Industrial clusters have existed since the early days of industrialization. Clusters exist because of the fact (or perception) that competing firms in the same industry derive some benefit ... More

The Colonial Encounter and Its Legacy  

José da Mota-Lopes

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The current scholarship on European colonialism may be divided into two approaches: colonial studies, sometimes referred to as a political-economy approach, and postcolonial studies, also ... More

Comparative Civilizations  

David O. Wilkinson

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Identity
The study of comparative civilization raises a variety of questions; for example, how “civilization” is related to “culture,” what criteria shall be used to distinguish one civilization ... More

Comparative Immigration Policy  

Jeannette Money

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The research on comparative immigration policy is relatively recent, with the earliest dealing with significant immigrant inflows into Western Europe after World War II. Because of the ... More

Compliance With International Law  

Jana von Stein

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
If there is no authority higher than the state, why do governments ever abide by the pacts they make with each other? For some, the answer is simple: states only respect agreements that ... More

Computer-Mediated Communication Technology and Cross-National Learning  

Derrick L. Cogburn

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
With the advent of globalization, the knowledge, skills, and abilities required for socioeconomic development are changing rapidly and dramatically. These skills include the need to better ... More

Computer Simulations in the Classroom  

Andrew Blum

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Computer simulations can be defined in three categories: computational modeling simulations, human-computer simulations, and computer-mediated simulations. These categories of simulations ... More

Conceptual Debates in Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration  

Stephen J. Larin

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Identity
Since the mid-nineteenth century, the term “ethnic” has come to mean “member of a group of people with a set of shared characteristics,” including a belief in common descent. As such, ... More

The Conduct and Consequences of War  

Paul K. Huth and Alyssa K. Prorok

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
War is merely an outward expression of an inward state, an enlargement of a daily action. It is bloodier, more spectacular, more destructive, but it is the collective result of humans’ ... More

Conflict Analysis and Resolution as a Field  

Louis Kriesberg

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Conflict analysis and resolution (CAR) is defined by a set of ideas about avoiding, minimizing, and stopping violence that often is mutually destructive. CAR relates to all domains of ... More

Conflict Analysis and Resolution as a Field: Core Concepts and Issues  

Louis Kriesberg and Joyce Neu

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Core concepts of the interdisciplinary social science field of conflict analysis and resolution (CAR) are discussed. Work in the field is based on numerous generally accepted ideas about ... More

Conflict Escalation  

Richard Bösch

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Even though most conflicts in everyday life manifest themselves as cursory bagatelles, there are conflicts that end up in situations of organized, collective violence (e.g., armed ... More

Conflict Management  

Sara McLaughlin Mitchell and Patrick M. Regan

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The issue of armed conflict management was first mentioned in the inaugural issue of the Journal of Conflict Resolution in 1957, when Quincy Wright wrote that the resolution of ... More

Conflict Resolution: Feminist Perspectives  

Simona Sharoni

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The academic study of conflict resolution was born as as a critique of mainstream International Relations (IR), which explains why feminist theory and conflict resolution share many things ... More

Consociationalism, Power Sharing, and Politics at the Center  

Stefan Wolff

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
For more than four decades, advocates of consociationalism and their opponents have been engaged in a debate over about how to design institutions to achieve sustainable peace in divided ... More

Contemporary Sources of Human Rights Violations  

Mahmood Monshipouri

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Human Rights
Given the systematic threats facing humanity, there is an urgent need for new thinking about the human rights project. The most prevalent form of global abuse exists in the form of ... More

Cooperative Learning in International Relations  

Steven L. Lamy

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Cooperative learning is a means of providing opportunities for students to work together in an effort to accomplish an assigned intellectual task. There are different types of cooperative ... More

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