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Domestic-International Conflict Linkages  

Will H. Moore and Ahmer Tarar

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
A significant shift has taken place within the study of international relations (IR) generally, and within the domestic-international conflict linkage literature specifically. This shift ... More

Domestic Politics and Foreign Policy Analysis: Public Opinion, Elections, Interest Groups, and the Media  

Douglas Foyle and Douglas Van Belle

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Societal factors such as public opinion, interest groups, and the media can influence foreign policy choices and behavior. To date, the public opinion and foreign policy literature has ... More

The Durability of Peace  

Caroline A. Hartzell and Amy Yuen

Print publication date:
Dec 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
With wars—not just global, but civil wars and other domestic infightings—still being rampant in the modern world, scholars have begun to develop interest in identifying the conditions that ... More

East Asia and Foreign Policy  

Enyu Zhang and Qingmin Zhang

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The study of East Asian foreign policies has progressed in sync with mainstream international relations (IR) theories: (1) from perhaps an inadvertent or unconscious coincidence with ... More

Ecofeminism and Global Environmental Politics  

Juliann Emmons Allison

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Ecofeminism can be described as both an ecological philosophy and a social movement that draws on environmental studies, critiques of modernity and science, and feminist critical analyses ... More

Economic and Social Rights  

William F. Felice

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Human Rights
Economic rights refer to the right to property, the right to work, and the right to social security. Social rights are those entitlements necessary for an adequate standard of living, ... More

Economic Diplomacy  

Donna Lee and Brian Hocking

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Mainstream studies of diplomacy have traditionally approached international relations (IR) using realist and neorealist frameworks, resulting in state-centric analyses of mainly political ... More

Economic Sanctions and International Security  

David M. Rowe

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Economic sanctions are a versatile instrument of statecraft used by states to try to influence the behavior of foreign actors by threatening or restricting customary cross-border trade or ... More

Economics and Conflict: Moving beyond Conjectures and Correlations  

Gerald Schneider

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The theoretical and empirical literature on the reciprocal topics of economy and war have developed a fertile debate. Most contributions examine the liberal hope that growing economic ... More

Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights  

Henry F. Carey

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Subject:
Human Rights
Economic, social, and cultural rights (ESCRs) emerged in the twentieth century as the set of “second-generation” rights after civil and political rights (CPRs). ESCRs represent the ... More

Economics of International Communication  

Stefan H. Fritsch

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
International information and communication have become central cornerstones for global economic, political, social, and cultural actors, issues, structures, and processes. Accordingly, ... More

E-Government  

Gisela Gil-Egui

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
E-government refers to a set of public administration and governance goals and practices involving information and communication technologies (ICTs). It utilizes such technologies to serve ... More

Electronic Commerce  

Sarah Cleeland Knight and Catherine L. Mann

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Electronic commerce (or e-commerce) is the purchase or sale of goods or services over any kind of computer network. Possible networks include the Internet; an extranet, which is a private ... More

Emerging Themes and Issues in Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration Research  

Willem Maas

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Identity
Ethnicity and nationalism, interethnic conflicts, and human migration have been major forces shaping the modern world and the structure and stability of contemporary states. A notable ... More

Empire and Order in International Relations and Security Studies  

Tarak Barkawi

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
International relations (IR) and security studies lack a coherent and developed body of inquiry on the issue of empire. The central focus of IR situates discussion of imperialism and ... More

The End of Bipolarism and the Post–Cold War World  

Vidya Nadkarni

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
During the Cold War, bipolarity represented a systemic condition wherein two superpowers—the US and the USSR—were locked in an attitude of confrontation for over four decades. In this ... More

Energy and Security  

John S. Duffield

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
A substantial amount of scholarly literature about the relationship between energy and security, and how it has changed over time, has been produced before the early 1970s through the ... More

Energy, Security, and Foreign Policy  

Özgür Özdamar

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Next to national defense, energy security has become a primary issue for the survival and wellbeing of both developed and developing nations. A review of the literature shows how concerns ... More

English School Methodology  

Cornelia Navari

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Methodology is not often discussed in the English School. In fact, its proponents disdain methodology altogether, though that is not to say that the scholars of the English School are ... More

The English School of International Relations: Historical Development  

Hidemi Suganami

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The “English School” of International Relations is a historically formed community with somewhat uncertain—even disputed—beginnings. The awareness that there was such a network of scholars ... More

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