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Alliances and War  

Patricia A. Weitsman

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Military alliances predate even the state system as a form of international cooperation, and they take on many forms. The motivations of states seeking to join, the commitment levels ... More

The Causes of War  

Karen Ruth Adams

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The scientific study of war is a pressing concern for international politics. Given the destructive nature of war, ordinary citizens and policy makers alike are eager to anticipate if not ... More

Civil–Military Relations  

Mackubin Thomas Owens

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Civil–military relations is an interdisciplinary area of research, reflecting the work of political scientists, military, sociologists, and historians. History and culture, the ... More

Civil Wars  

Stathis N. Kalyvas and Paul D. Kenny

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
A civil war, also known as intrastate war, is a war between organized groups within the same state or country. It is a high-intensity conflict that often involves regular armed forces. One ... More

Civil Wars, Scientific Study of  

Idean Salehyan and Clayton L. Thyne

Print publication date:
Dec 2014
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Civil war is an armed conflict between the state and another organized domestic party over a contested political incompatibility, which results in a number of casualties exceeding a ... More

The Conduct and Consequences of War  

Paul K. Huth and Alyssa K. Prorok

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
War is merely an outward expression of an inward state, an enlargement of a daily action. It is bloodier, more spectacular, more destructive, but it is the collective result of humans’ ... More

Conflict Analysis and Resolution as a Field  

Louis Kriesberg

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Conflict analysis and resolution (CAR) is defined by a set of ideas about avoiding, minimizing, and stopping violence that often is mutually destructive. CAR relates to all domains of ... More

Conflict Analysis and Resolution as a Field: Core Concepts and Issues  

Louis Kriesberg and Joyce Neu

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Core concepts of the interdisciplinary social science field of conflict analysis and resolution (CAR) are discussed. Work in the field is based on numerous generally accepted ideas about ... More

Conflict Escalation  

Richard Bösch

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Even though most conflicts in everyday life manifest themselves as cursory bagatelles, there are conflicts that end up in situations of organized, collective violence (e.g., armed ... More

Conflict Management  

Sara McLaughlin Mitchell and Patrick M. Regan

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The issue of armed conflict management was first mentioned in the inaugural issue of the Journal of Conflict Resolution in 1957, when Quincy Wright wrote that the resolution of ... More

Conflict Resolution: Feminist Perspectives  

Simona Sharoni

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The academic study of conflict resolution was born as as a critique of mainstream International Relations (IR), which explains why feminist theory and conflict resolution share many things ... More

Consociationalism, Power Sharing, and Politics at the Center  

Stefan Wolff

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
For more than four decades, advocates of consociationalism and their opponents have been engaged in a debate over about how to design institutions to achieve sustainable peace in divided ... More

Crisis Behavior: Miscalculation, Escalation, and Inadvertent War  

Janice Gross Stein

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
A relatively recent phenomenon in international politics is the study of crisis, which began in the twentieth century, when scholars looked back at two world wars and the interwar period ... More

Cultural Homogenization, Ethnic Cleansing, and Genocide  

Daniele Conversi

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Cultural homogenization is understood as a state-led policy aimed at cultural standardization and the overlap between state and culture. Homogeneity, however, is an ... More

Culture, Religion, War, and Peace  

Yehonatan Abramson

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Religion and culture have historically been neglected in international relations (IR) theories and in political science more generally. It was only recently that IR began to consider the ... More

Diplomacy and War  

Paul Sharp and Robert Weiner

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Scholars acknowledge that there is a close connection between diplomacy and war, but they disagree with regard to the character of this connection—what it is and what it ought to be. In ... More

Domestic-International Conflict Linkages  

Will H. Moore and Ahmer Tarar

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
A significant shift has taken place within the study of international relations (IR) generally, and within the domestic-international conflict linkage literature specifically. This shift ... More

The Durability of Peace  

Caroline A. Hartzell and Amy Yuen

Print publication date:
Dec 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
With wars—not just global, but civil wars and other domestic infightings—still being rampant in the modern world, scholars have begun to develop interest in identifying the conditions that ... More

Economics and Conflict: Moving beyond Conjectures and Correlations  

Gerald Schneider

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The theoretical and empirical literature on the reciprocal topics of economy and war have developed a fertile debate. Most contributions examine the liberal hope that growing economic ... More

The End of Bipolarism and the Post–Cold War World  

Vidya Nadkarni

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
During the Cold War, bipolarity represented a systemic condition wherein two superpowers—the US and the USSR—were locked in an attitude of confrontation for over four decades. In this ... More

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