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Clusters and Regional Development  

Sanjoy Chakravorty

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Development
Industrial clusters have existed since the early days of industrialization. Clusters exist because of the fact (or perception) that competing firms in the same industry derive some benefit ... More

Dependency and World-Systems Perspectives on Development  

Ray Kiely

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Development
This essay focuses on two related “radical theories” of development, dependency and world-systems theory, and shows how they emerged as a critique partly of modernization theory and of the ... More

Developing Countries and International Law  

Shirley V. Scott and Orli Zahava

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The most fundamental characteristic of a developing state is that its income, usually calculated as gross national product (GNP) per capita, is relatively low in comparison with that of an ... More

Development and Religion  

Robert M. Bosco

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Development
The study of religion and development focuses on how the moral and ethical resources of the world’s major faith traditions such as Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism ... More

Development Economics: From Classical to Critical Analysis  

Susan Engel

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Development
The definition of “development” has changed over the years since the inception of development economics as a sub-discipline of economics in the 1950s. Initially, development economics was ... More

Development: Institutional Perspectives  

Malcolm Fairbrother

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Development
There are three key literatures on the political economy of development that all emphasize the importance of institutions, but in different and somewhat contradictory ways. These ... More

The Development of “Lands of Recent Settlement”  

Cristian A. Harris

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Development
Lands of recent settlement refers to countries settled predominantly by European migration during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, such as the United States, Canada, Argentina, ... More

The Development Paradigm and Its Critics  

James H. Mittelman

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Development
Development cannot be separated from global political economy, but it is an inherent component of the latter. The concept of development was popularized through expansion of colonization, ... More

Development/Poverty Issues and Foreign Policy Analysis  

Steven W. Hook and Franklin Barr Lebo

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
International development has remained a key part of global economic relations since the field emerged more than half a century ago. From its initial focus on colonization and state ... More

Development, Welfare Policy, and the Welfare State  

Gyu-Jin Hwang

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Development
One of the most significant structural transformations in postwar capitalist democracies has been the rise of the welfare state. The theoretical intent of the traditional sociological and ... More

Diasporas and Development  

Rebecca Davies

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Development
Global restructuring across the developing world can have profound, if uneven, political, economic, and social consequences. As such, the relationship between diasporas and development is ... More

Environment and Development  

Robert Bartlett and Priya Kurian

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The fundamental conflicts and contradictions between environment and development, and various theoretical and practical efforts to reconcile them, have been a prominent part of the history ... More

Expanding Urban Slums  

Shahadat Hossain and Michael Humphrey

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Development
Slums have generated renewed interest among scholars in the wake of rapid urbanization in the South and the growing incidence of urban poverty worldwide. This gave rise to the expression ... More

Food Insecurity  

Christopher B. Barrett and Erin C. Lentz

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Development
Food plays an essential role in performance and well-being. Apart from its physiological necessity, food is also a source of pleasure. Since both biological needs for food and psychic ... More

Geographical Perspectives on Development Studies  

Lise Nelson

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The history of development studies as a field of academic inquiry can be traced most directly back to the Cold War era when public funding for “development studies” went hand in hand with ... More

Identity, Difference, and Development  

Sally Babidge and Wolfram Dressler

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The changes in anthropological theory and perspectives on identity and difference can be explored in the context of three major periods of development: the colonial, postcolonial, and ... More

Income Inequality and Economic Development  

Matthew McKeever

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Development
The nature of the relationship between economic development and income inequality has long been the subject of considerable debate. Economic growth has very different effects on poverty, ... More

Land Reform and Landless Movements  

Timothy Gorman and Wendy W. Wolford

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Development
Organization by rural landless movements has been the primary factor driving the implementation of land reform projects. At the heart of land reform is a debate over the very nature of ... More

Microfinance and Social Performance  

Robin Gravesteijn and James Copestake

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Development
Microfinance refers to an array of financial services—including loans, savings, and insurance—available to poor entrepreneurs and small business owners who have no collateral and, ... More

Migration and Development  

Philip Martin

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Subject:
Development
There are three factors that persuade a migrant to cross borders: demand-pull in destination areas, supply-push in origin areas, and network factors that connect them. On the basis of this ... More

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