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Family Planning and Reproductive Rights in Chile  

Jadwiga E. Pieper Mooney

The official histories of family planning and reproductive rights in Chile started in the 1960s, with initiatives by Chilean doctors to reduce maternal mortality due to self-induced ... More

Fernando Ortiz on Afro-Cuban Music  

Robin Moore

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Fernando Ortiz is recognized today as one of the most influential Latin American authors of the 20th century. Amazingly prolific, his publications written between the 1890s and the ... More

Folk Festivals, Community Development, and the Sugar Industry Crisis in Tucumán, Argentina, 1966–1973  

Oscar Chamosa

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
In the late 1960s, the sugar-growing province of Tucumán, Argentina, was undergoing the deepest economic crisis of its history. In 1966, eleven large sugar mills closed by order of the ... More

Food in Contemporary Cuba  

Hanna Garth

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Cuban cuisine brings together the island’s histories of colonial relations with Spain and the culinary traditions of Africans, Amerindians, Chinese laborers, and those who migrated from ... More

Food Science, Race, and the Nation in Colombia  

Stefan Pohl-Valero

At the beginning of the 19th century, Colombian physicians thought of food as an essential factor in shaping human character and corporeality. Framed in a neo-Hippocratic system, health ... More

Football and Sports Media in Chile, 1895–1962  

Pedro Acuña

Football and media have become associated to such an extent that it would be difficult to discuss the history of sports in Chile without acknowledging its relationship with the media. ... More

Foreign Travelers in Mexico  

James A. Garza

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The history of foreign travel to Mexico has been dependent on the country’s political, economic, and social conditions. Travel restrictions, banditry, the condition of transportation ... More

Free Afro-Brazilians in the 19th Century  

Richard Graham

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Although the slave trade to Brazil did not end until 1850, and slavery itself lasted until 1888, the practice of freeing slaves had been common from the time of first colonization by the ... More

The French Intervention in Mexico and the Empire of Maximilian and Carlota  

Luz María Hernández-Sáenz

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
In 1861, Spanish, British, and French forces all landed in Veracruz to collect the debts Mexico owed them. After two months, the Spanish and British representatives reached an agreement ... More

Gabriel García Moreno, Conservative President of Ecuador  

Peter V. N. Henderson

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Ecuador’s Gabriel García Moreno was one of the preeminent South American conservative politicians of the early national period. His historical notoriety rests in large measure on two ... More

Gabriel Vargas and La familia Burrón  

Maira Mayola Benítez Carrillo

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Gabriel Vargas Bernal created one of the greatest examples of Mexican comic strips, The Burrón Family. He had a remarkable career as a prolific cartoonist, screenwriter, historian, and ... More

The Galíndez Case in the Dominican Republic  

Elizabeth Manley

On March 12, 1956, Basque National and Columbia University lecturer Jesús María de Galíndez Suarez disappeared from New York City never to be seen again. While no conclusive evidence was ... More

Gender and Sexuality in Brazil since Independence  

Sueann Caulfield and Cristiana Schettini

Over the past forty years, increasing attention to gender and sexuality in Brazilian historiography has given us a nuanced understanding of diverse ways in which women and men in Brazil’s ... More

General Victoriano Huerta and the Mexican Revolution  

Friedrich E. Schuler

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
General Victoriano Huerta (1850–1916) stands out as the bête noire of twentieth-century Mexico. He was a career army officer who had attained the rank of general. Other generals and the ... More

The Good Neighbor Policy  

Max Paul Friedman

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
In the first three decades of the 20th century, the United States regularly intervened militarily in the circum-Caribbean, sending the Marines to govern directly or rule by proxy in ... More

Guano, Intensive Agriculture, and Environmental Change in Latin America and the Caribbean  

Gregory T. Cushman

Agrarian societies in Latin America and the Caribbean have accomplished some of the most important and influential innovations in agricultural knowledge and practice in world history—both ... More

Guerrilla Movements and Armed Struggle in Cold War Mexico  

Alexander Aviña

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
After decades of revolutionary upheaval and political violence that began early in the 20th century, Mexico had seemingly achieved stability and a relative level of social peace by the ... More

Haitian Immigrants and Their Descendants Born in the Dominican Republic  

Bridget Wooding

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
There has been a century of Haitian immigration to the neighboring Dominican Republic, initially as seasonal cane cutters. Noteworthy are the manu militari policies and ethnically ... More

Health, Malaria Campaigns, and Development in Brazil  

Gilberto Hochman

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Henrietta Yurchenco: Ethnomusicology Pioneer in Mexico and Guatemala  

Yael Bitrán Goren

Henrietta Yurchenco, née Weiss, was a pioneer of ethnomusicology research. Her expeditions in various regions of Mexico and Guatemala between 1942 and 1946 allowed for the gathering of ... More

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