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Architecture in Mexico City, 1940–1980  

Kathryn E. O’Rourke

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Architecture in Mexico City in the mid-20th century was shaped by rapid economic and urban growth, demographic change, new construction technologies, and politics. Architects adapted ... More

The Autonomous Department of Press and Publicity (Departamento Autónomo de Prensa y Publicidad)  

Ana Laura de la Torre

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The Autonomous Department of Press and Publicity (DAPP) created by Lazaro Cardenas’s administration responded to the need for a fixed ideological framework that would allow for the ... More

Civilian Aviation in Mexico  

Peter Soland

The Mexican government’s civil aviation program implemented elite development strategies during a period of national reconstruction. In the decades following the revolution, political ... More

Digital Resources: The José Guadalupe Posada Collection at the Ibero-American Institute  

Ricarda Musser

The Ibero-Amerikanisches Institut Preußischer Kulturbesitz (IAI; Ibero-American Institute at the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation) owns a collection of some 750 works of Mexican ... More

Disney Health Films in Mexico  

María Rosa Gudiño Cejudo

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
In August 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, concerned with Nazi infiltration in the Americas and continental defense, created the Office of Inter-American Affairs (OIAA) and appointed ... More

The Economy during the Mexican Revolution  

Mark Wasserman

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The Mexican economy consisted of activities at the international, national, and local levels, including the export of minerals and agricultural commodities, manufactures and agriculture ... More

Emiliano Zapata and Revolutionary Mexico, 1910–1919  

Paul Hart

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Emiliano Zapata led the Liberating Army of the South during the Mexican Revolution. Zapata’s movement began with a demand for land reform, and his beliefs are most often captured by ... More

General Victoriano Huerta and the Mexican Revolution  

Friedrich E. Schuler

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
General Victoriano Huerta (1850–1916) stands out as the bête noire of twentieth-century Mexico. He was a career army officer who had attained the rank of general. Other generals and the ... More

Guerrilla Movements and Armed Struggle in Cold War Mexico  

Alexander Aviña

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
After decades of revolutionary upheaval and political violence that began early in the 20th century, Mexico had seemingly achieved stability and a relative level of social peace by the ... More

Internment of Japanese and Japanese Latin Americans During World War II  

Selfa A. Chew

The lives of Latin American Japanese were disrupted during World War II, when their civil and human rights were suspended. National security and continental defense were the main reasons ... More

Jean Charlot and the Mexican Mural Renaissance  

John Charlot

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
That the Mexican mural renaissance is understudied is clear from the fact than not one of its artists has been the subject of a scholarly biography. Moreover, the movement as a whole has ... More

José Guadalupe Posada and Visual Culture in Porfirian Mexico  

Robert M. Buffington and Jesus Osciel Salazar

José Guadalupe Posada (b. Aguascalientes, February 2, 1852; d. Mexico City, January 20, 1913) was a prolific printmaker of exceptional technique, range, and originality. By the time of his ... More

La Reina de la Raza: The Making of the India Bonita  

Natasha S. Varner

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The India Bonita Pageant of 1921 marked a critical moment in Mexico’s revolutionary identity formation. This serialized pageant hosted by the Mexico City newspaper, El Universal, also ... More

Lombardo Toledano’s Struggles in the World of Labor  

Daniela Spenser

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Vicente Lombardo Toledano was born into a prosperous family in 1894 in Teziutlán, Puebla, and died in Mexico City in 1968. His life is a window into the history of the 20th century: the ... More

Manuel Gómez Morin and the Creation of the National Action Party (PAN)  

Javier Garciadiego

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Manuel Gómez Morin was a multifaceted Mexican whose life spanned the first three quarters of the 20th century, from 1897 to 1972. He was affected personally, domestically, and ... More

Mexican Culture, 1920–1945  

Helen Delpar and Stephanie J. Smith

Online publication date:
May 2018
Cultural nationalism characterized much of Mexico’s artistic and literary production during the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s. Much as Mexico City’s centenary festivities in 1921 and the ... More

Mexican Foreign Relations, 1910–1946  

Amelia M. Kiddle

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
During the Mexican Revolution and the long period of reconstruction that followed, successive Mexican presidents navigated the stormy seas of international relations. Though forced to ... More

The Mexican Muralists and Frida Kahlo  

Leonard Folgarait

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The major art form produced in Mexico during the years following the Mexican Revolution of 1910, especially during 1920–1940, was mural painting, mostly in the technique of fresco. Three ... More

The Mexican Revolution, 1910–1946  

Jürgen Buchenau

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The Mexican Revolution was the first major social revolution of the 20th century. Its causes included, among others, the authoritarian rule of dictator Porfirio Díaz, the seizure of ... More

The Mexican Son, Past and Present  

Raquel G. Paraíso

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Among the many musical traditions of Mexico, the son is one of the most representative of the richness and diversity of Mexican culture. Son (or sones) is a generic term that describes ... More

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