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Alliance for Progress  

Stephen G. Rabe

On March 13, 1961, President John F. Kennedy announced the Alliance for Progress, an economic assistance program to promote political democracy, economic growth, and social justice in ... More

Animals in Latin American History  

Germán Vergara

The evolutionary history of vertebrate nonhuman animals such as mammals in what is now Latin America extends back tens of millions of years. Given that anatomically modern humans first ... More

Architecture in Mexico City, 1940–1980  

Kathryn E. O’Rourke

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Architecture in Mexico City in the mid-20th century was shaped by rapid economic and urban growth, demographic change, new construction technologies, and politics. Architects adapted ... More

Atoms for Peace in Latin America  

Gisela Mateos and Edna Suárez-Díaz

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
On December 8, 1953, in the midst of increasing nuclear weapons testing and geopolitical polarization, United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower launched the Atoms for Peace initiative. ... More

Benito Juárez and Liberalism  

Guy Thomson

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Benito Juárez was born on March 21, 1806, in San Pablo Guelatao, a Zapotec-speaking hamlet in Sierra de Ixtlán (renamed the Sierra de Juárez on July 30, 1857) in Mexico’s southeastern ... More

Border Wars in South America during the 19th Century  

Peter V. N. Henderson

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
While Europeans basked in the glory of their so-called century of peace between the end of the Napoleonic wars (1815) and the onset of World War I (1914), Latin Americans knew no such ... More

Bourbon Reforms in Central America, 1700–1808  

Jorge González Alzate

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The Kingdom of Guatemala, a neglected backwater of the Spanish Empire under the Habsburgs, figured prominently in the long-term strategic planning of the Bourbon state. Royal preoccupation ... More

Brazilian Independence: Change and Continuity  

João Paulo Pimenta

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Stemming from an accelerated and tumultuous process unleashed by European wars in the first decade of the 19th century, Brazil and Portugal split politically in 1822. In a sense, Brazil’s ... More

The Brazilian Military Regime, 1964–1985  

Marcos Napolitano

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Since its establishment in 1889, the history of the Brazilian republic was marked by the centrality of the armed forces, particularly the army, in political life. But between 1964 and ... More

The Caribbean Visual Palette  

Patricia Mohammed

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
From the 15th century onward, the Caribbean has been populated with different ethnic groups, cultures, flora, and fauna in a way that is constantly changing the visual sensibilities of the ... More

Child Labor in Brazil and Uruguay  

Marcia Guedes Vieira

The International Labour Organization estimates that there are 12.5 million children and adolescents under the age of fifteen currently working in Latin America and the Caribbean. Of ... More

Commodities and Consumption in “Golden Age” Argentina  

Eduardo Elena

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the global trade in commodities forged new economic interconnections and contributed to the emergence of modern ways of life. As one of the ... More

The Conquests of Peru  

Christopher Heaney

Between 1472 and 1572, the conquests of Peru were many: by the Inca, who in the 15th century spread from their southern Andean heartland in Cusco to build an empire that stretched from ... More

Contextualizing the Popol Wuj from Friar Ximénez to the Digital Age  

Néstor Quiroa

Regarded as an ethnohistorical treasure, the Popol Wuj narrative has been read exclusively as a freestanding, self-contained text used to inquire into a history far removed from when it ... More

Cuba’s Second Golden Age of Popular Music, 1989–2005  

Anita Casavantes Bradford and Raúl Fernandez

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
The years between 1989 and 2005 were a period of exceptional musical productivity and creativity, a “second golden age” of Cuban popular music—the first golden age referring to the 1950s ... More

The Culture of a Multi-Ethnic Colony  

Sonya Lipsett-Rivera

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The very nature of Spanish colonization meant that New Spain brought together people from different cultures, ethnicities, religions, and attitudes. Mexico City was the meeting place of ... More

Democratizing Mexican Politics, 1982–2012  

Roderic Ai Camp

Online publication date:
Apr 2015
Mexico’s democratic transition provides a revealing case study of a semi-authoritarian political model evolving incrementally into an electoral democracy over two decades. One of the ... More

Digital Resources: Chilean History  

Danielle B. Barefoot

The 21st century brought with it a mass digitization of archival materials that rapidly changed preservation, research, and pedagogy practices. Chilean digital databases, archives, and ... More

Digital Resources: Gender and Latin American Independence  

Catherine Davies

This research project investigates women’s involvement in the struggles to achieve political independence in Spanish America and Brazil during the first half of the 19th century. The ... More

Digital Resources: Getty Research Institute Digital Exhibitions and Portals for Mexico  

Jonathan Saxon

The Getty Research Institute (GRI) has an extensive collection of online digital resources, with two portals that focus on Mexico. The first portal discussed in this article is A Nation ... More

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