Peronism and Masculinities
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. Please check back later for the full article.
Supported by a multiclass alliance—including some sectors of the military, a group of industrialists, and the working class—Juan Domingo Perón’s government (1946–1955) of Argentina industrialized the country, modernized and expanded the state, transformed local and national politics, mobilized traditionally disenfranchised groups like women, empowered the labor unions, and substantially improved the standard of living for the working population. The cultural, social, political, and economic changes that characterized the Peronist years had major consequences for gender relations, roles, and identities, transforming the ways of being a man or a woman in mid-20th-century Argentina. As part of this process, Peronism created political, social, and economic conditions that propelled the transformation of blue-collar masculinity as a lived, everyday experience in factories, unions, the government, the family, and the streets. At the same time, Peronism profoundly reshaped discursive and symbolic representations of working-class masculinity and the social and cultural expectations associated with working men.