Peronism and Masculinities
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. Please check back later for the full article.
Supported by a multiclass alliance, including the working class and some sectors of industry and the military, Juan Domingo Perón’s government (1946–1955) industrialized the country, modernized and expanded the state. Peronism transformed local and national politics, mobilized traditionally disenfranchised groups like women, empowered labor unions, and substantially improved the standard of living for the working population. These cultural, social, political, and economic changes that characterized the Peronist years had major consequences for gender relations, roles, and identities, transforming the ways of being a man and a woman in mid-20th-century Argentina. As part of this process, the new conditions propelled the transformation of masculinity as lived, everyday experience in the workplace, unions, the government, the home, and the streets across social classes. At the same time, discursive and symbolic representations of masculinities were profoundly reshaped and the social and cultural expectations associated with manhood redefined.