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Second Language Processing and Linguistic Theory  

John Archibald

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The distinction between representations and processes is central to most models of the cognitive science of language. Linguistic theory informs the types of representations assumed, and ... More

Segmental Phonology, Phonotactics, and Syllable Structure in the Romance Languages  

Stephan Schmid

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. From ... More

Semantic Change  

Elizabeth Closs Traugott

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Traditional approaches to semantic change typically focus on outcomes of meaning change and list types of change such as metaphoric and metonymic extension, broadening and narrowing, and ... More

Semantic Compositionality  

Francis Jeffry Pelletier

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Subject:
Semantics
Most linguists have heard of semantic compositionality. Some will have heard that it is the fundamental truth of semantics. Others will have been told that it is so thoroughly and ... More

Semantics and Pragmatics of Monkey Communication  

Philippe Schlenker, Emmanuel Chemla, and Klaus Zuberbühler

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Rich data gathered in experimental primatology in the last 40 years are beginning to benefit from analytical methods used in contemporary linguistics, especially in the area of semantics ... More

Sign Language Phonology  

Diane Brentari, Jordan Fenlon, and Kearsy Cormier

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Sign language phonology is the abstract grammatical component where primitive structural units are combined to create an infinite number of meaningful utterances. Although the notion of ... More

Social Network Approach in African Sociolinguistics  

Klaus Beyer and Henning Schreiber

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Social Network Analysis approach (SNA), also known as sociometrics or actor-network analysis, investigates social structure on the basis of empirically recorded social ties between ... More

Sociolinguistics  

Christine Mallinson

Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The study of sociolinguistics constitutes a vast and complex topic that has yielded an extensive and multifaceted body of scholarship. Language is fundamentally at work in how we operate ... More

Spanish in Contact with South-American Languages, with Special Emphasis on Andean and Paraguayan Spanish  

Fernando Zúñiga

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
The effect of indigenous languages of South America on Spanish is strongest in the lexicon (especially with toponyms, zoonyms, and phytonyms) and identifiable, but much more modest, in ... More

Speech Acts  

Mitchell Green

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Pragmatics
Speech acts are acts that can, but need not, be carried out by saying and meaning that one is doing so. Many view speech acts as the central units of communication, with phonological, ... More

Speech Perception and Generalization Across Talkers and Accents  

Kodi Weatherholtz and T. Florian Jaeger

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
The seeming ease with which we usually understand each other belies the complexity of the processes that underlie speech perception. One of the biggest computational challenges is that ... More

Speech Perception in Phonetics  

Patrice Speeter Beddor

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
In their conversational interactions with speakers, listeners aim to understand what a speaker is saying, that is, they aim to arrive at the linguistic message, which is interwoven with ... More

Suppletion  

Ljuba N. Veselinova

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The term suppletion is used to indicate the unpredictable encoding of otherwise regular semantic or grammatical relations. Standard examples in English include the present and past tense ... More

Syntax of Ditransitives  

Heidi Harley and Shigeru Miyagawa

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Ditransitive predicates select for two internal arguments, and hence minimally entail the participation of three entities in the event described by the verb. Canonical ditransitive verbs ... More

Syntax–Phonology Interface  

Sónia Frota and Marina Vigário

Online publication date:
May 2018
The syntax–phonology interface refers to the way syntax and phonology are interconnected. Although syntax and phonology constitute different language domains, it seems undisputed that they ... More

The Tangkic Languages of Australia: Phonology and Morphosyntax of Lardil, Kayardild, and Yukulta  

Erich R. Round

The non–Pama-Nyugan, Tangkic languages were spoken until recently in the southern Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. The most extensively documented are Lardil, Kayardild, and Yukulta. Their ... More

Text-Messaging in Africa  

Ana Deumert

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The concept of Africa requires reflection: what does it mean to study a social phenomenon “in Africa”? Technology use in Africa is complex and diverse, showing various degrees of access ... More

Textual Inference  

Annie Zaenen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Hearers and readers make inferences on the basis of what they hear or read. These inferences are partly determined by the linguistic form that the writer or speaker chooses to give to her ... More

Theme  

Eva Hajičová

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
In the linguistic literature, the term theme has several interpretations, one of which relates to discourse analysis and two others to sentence structure. In a more general (or global) ... More

Theoretical Phonology  

Paul de Lacy

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Phonology has both a taxonomic/descriptive and cognitive meaning. In the taxonomic/descriptive context, it refers to speech sound systems. As a cognitive term, it refers to a ... More

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