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Pragmatics of Focus  

Jon Scott Stevens

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Pragmatics
Generally speaking, ‘focus’ refers to the portion of an utterance which is especially informative or important within the context, and which is marked as such via some linguistic means. It ... More

Prescriptive Attitudes to English Usage  

Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade and Carmen Ebner

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Taking a sociolinguistic approach to prescriptivism in English usage, this article presents different methods by which highly frequent usage problems can be analyzed as to their current ... More

Psycholinguistic Approaches to Morphology  

Christina L. Gagné

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Psycholinguistics is the study of how language is acquired, represented, and used by the human mind; it draws on knowledge about both language and cognitive processes. A central topic of ... More

Quantitative Derivation in Morphology  

Gianina Iordăchioaia

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
In linguistics, the study of quantity is concerned with the behavior of expressions that refer to amounts in terms of the internal structure of objects and events, their spatial or ... More

Relative Clauses in Syntax  

Mark de Vries

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Subject:
Syntax
A relative clause is a clausal modifier that relates to a constituent of the sentence, typically a noun phrase. This is the antecedent or “head” of the relative construction. What makes ... More

Rendaku or Sequential Voicing in Japanese Phonology  

Timothy J. Vance

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The term rendaku, sometimes translated as sequential voicing, denotes a morphophonemic phenomenon in Japanese. In a prototypical case, an alternating morpheme appears with an initial ... More

Romance in Contact With Basque  

Gerd Jendraschek

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The convergence between Basque and Romance is now largely unidirectional, with Basque becoming more like Romance, but shared features suggest that Basque had historically a considerable ... More

Romance in Contact With Semitic  

Daniele Baglioni

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Scope Marking at the Syntax-Semantics Interface  

Veneeta Dayal and Deepak Alok

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Natural language allows questioning into embedded clauses. One strategy for doing so involves structures like the following: [CP-1 whi [TP DP V [CP-2 … ti …]]], where a wh-phrase that ... More

Scrambling in Korean Syntax  

Heejeong Ko

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Scrambling is one of the most widely discussed and prominent factors affecting word order variation in Korean. Scrambling in Korean exhibits various syntactic and semantic properties that ... More

Second Language Acquisition of Japanese  

Masahiko Minami

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Empirical and theoretical research on language has recently experienced a period of extensive growth. Unfortunately, however, in the case of the Japanese language, far fewer ... More

Second Language Phonetics  

Ocke-Schwen Bohn

The study of second language phonetics is concerned with three broad and overlapping research areas: the characteristics of second language speech production and perception, the ... More

Second Language Processing and Linguistic Theory  

John Archibald

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The distinction between representations and processes is central to most models of the cognitive science of language. Linguistic theory informs the types of representations assumed, and ... More

Segmental Phonology, Phonotactics, and Syllable Structure in the Romance Languages  

Stephan Schmid

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. From ... More

Semantic Change  

Elizabeth Closs Traugott

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Traditional approaches to semantic change typically focus on outcomes of meaning change and list types of change such as metaphoric and metonymic extension, broadening and narrowing, and ... More

Semantic Compositionality  

Francis Jeffry Pelletier

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Subject:
Semantics
Most linguists have heard of semantic compositionality. Some will have heard that it is the fundamental truth of semantics. Others will have been told that it is so thoroughly and ... More

Semantics and Pragmatics of Monkey Communication  

Philippe Schlenker, Emmanuel Chemla, and Klaus Zuberbühler

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Rich data gathered in experimental primatology in the last 40 years are beginning to benefit from analytical methods used in contemporary linguistics, especially in the area of semantics ... More

Sign Language Phonology  

Diane Brentari, Jordan Fenlon, and Kearsy Cormier

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Sign language phonology is the abstract grammatical component where primitive structural units are combined to create an infinite number of meaningful utterances. Although the notion of ... More

Social Network Approach in African Sociolinguistics  

Klaus Beyer and Henning Schreiber

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Social Network Analysis approach (SNA), also known as sociometrics or actor-network analysis, investigates social structure on the basis of empirically recorded social ties between ... More

Sociolinguistics  

Christine Mallinson

Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The study of sociolinguistics constitutes a vast and complex topic that has yielded an extensive and multifaceted body of scholarship. Language is fundamentally at work in how we operate ... More

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