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Biolinguistics  

Cedric Boeckx and Pedro Tiago Martins

Online publication date:
May 2016
All humans can acquire at least one natural language. Biolinguistics is the name given to the interdisciplinary enterprise that aims to unveil the biological bases of this unique ... More

Blocking  

Franz Rainer

Blocking can be defined as the non-occurrence of some linguistic form, whose existence could be expected on general grounds, due to the existence of a rival form. *Oxes, for example, is ... More

Bracketing Paradoxes in Morphology  

Heather Newell

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Bracketing paradoxes—constructions whose morphosyntactic and morpho-phonological structures appear to be irreconcilably at odds (e.g., unhappier)—are unanimously taken to point to truths ... More

Case  

Andrej L. Malchukov

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Morphological case is conventionally defined as a system of marking of a dependent nominal for the type of relationship they bear to their heads. While most linguists would agree with this ... More

Caucasian Languages  

Marina Chumakina

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Languages from at least five genetically unrelated families are spoken in the Caucasus, but there are only three endemic linguistic families belonging to the region: Kartvelian, West ... More

Child Phonology  

Yvan Rose

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Child phonology refers to virtually every phonetic and phonological phenomenon observable in the speech productions of children, including babbles. This includes qualitative and ... More

Children’s Acquisition of Syntactic Knowledge  

Rosalind Thornton

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Children’s acquisition of language is an amazing feat. Children master the syntax, the sentence structure of their language, through exposure and interaction with caregivers and others ... More

Chinese Semantics  

Haihua Pan and Yuli Feng

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Cross-linguistic data can add new insights to the development of semantic theories or even induce the shift of the research paradigm. The major topics in semantic studies such as bare noun ... More

Clinical Linguistics  

Louise Cummings

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Clinical linguistics is the branch of linguistics that applies linguistic concepts and theories to the study of language disorders. As the name suggests, clinical linguistics is a ... More

Coarticulation  

Daniel Recasens

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The study of coarticulation—namely, the articulatory modification of a given speech sound arising from coproduction or overlap with neighboring sounds in the speech chain—has attracted the ... More

Cognitively Oriented Theories of Meaning  

Peter Gärdenfors

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
There are two main theoretical traditions in semantics. One is based on realism, where meanings are described as relations between language and the world, often in terms of truth ... More

Communicative Repertoires in African Languages  

Anne Storch

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Even though the concept of multilingualism is well established in linguistics, it is problematic, especially in light of the actual ways in which repertoires are composed and used. The ... More

The Compositional Semantics of Modification  

Sebastian Bücking

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Modification is a combinatorial semantic operation between a modifier and a modifiee. Take, for example, vegetarian soup: the attributive adjective vegetarian modifies the nominal modifiee ... More

Compound and Complex Predicates in Japanese  

Taro Kageyama

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Compound and complex predicates—predicates that consist of two or more lexical items and function as the predicate of a single sentence—present an important class of linguistic objects ... More

Compounding in Morphology  

Pius ten Hacken

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Morphology
Compounding is a word formation process based on the combination of lexical elements (words or stems). In the theoretical literature, compounding is discussed controversially, and the ... More

Computational Approaches to Morphology  

Emmanuel Keuleers

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Syntax
Computational psycholinguistics has a long history of investigation and modeling of morphological phenomena. Several computational models have been developed to deal with the processing ... More

Computational Phonology  

Jane Chandlee and Jeffrey Heinz

Computational phonology studies the nature of the computations necessary and sufficient for characterizing phonological knowledge. As a field it is informed by the theories of computation ... More

Computational Semantics  

Katrin Erk

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Computational semantics performs automatic meaning analysis of natural language. Research in computational semantics designs meaning representations and develops mechanisms for ... More

Computer-Based Tools for Word and Paradigm Computational Morphology  

Raphael Finkel

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
The Word and Paradigm approach to morphology associates lexemes with tables of surface forms for different morphosyntactic property sets. Researchers express their realizational theories, ... More

Connectionism in Linguistic Theory  

Xiaowei Zhao

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Connectionism is an important theoretical framework for the study of human cognition and behavior. Also known as Parallel Distributed Processing (PDP) or Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), ... More

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