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Noun-Modifying Clause Construction in Japanese  

Yoshiko Matsumoto

The noun-modifying clause construction (NMCC) in Japanese is a complex noun phrase in which a prenominal clause is dependent on the head noun. Naturally occurring instances of the ... More

The Onomasiological Approach  

Jesús Fernández-Domínguez

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Polarity in the Semantics of Natural Language  

Anastasia Giannakidou

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This paper provides an overview of polarity phenomena in human languages. There are three prominent paradigms of polarity items: negative polarity items (NPIs), positive polarity items ... More

Polysemy  

Agustín Vicente and Ingrid L. Falkum

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Polysemy is characterized as the phenomenon whereby a single word form is associated with two or several related senses. It is distinguished from monosemy, where one word form is ... More

Scrambling in Korean Syntax  

Heejeong Ko

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Scrambling is one of the most widely discussed and prominent factors affecting word order variation in Korean. Scrambling in Korean exhibits various syntactic and semantic properties that ... More

Syntax of Ditransitives  

Heidi Harley and Shigeru Miyagawa

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Ditransitive predicates select for two internal arguments, and hence minimally entail the participation of three entities in the event described by the verb. Canonical ditransitive verbs ... More

Syntax–Phonology Interface  

Sónia Frota and Marina Vigário

Online publication date:
May 2018
The syntax–phonology interface refers to the way syntax and phonology are interconnected. Although syntax and phonology constitute different language domains, it seems undisputed that they ... More

Theme  

Eva Hajičová

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
In the linguistic literature, the term theme has several interpretations, one of which relates to discourse analysis and two others to sentence structure. In a more general (or global) ... More

Type Theory for Natural Language Semantics  

Stergios Chatzikyriakidis and Robin Cooper

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Type theory is a regime for classifying objects (including events) into categories called types. It was originally designed in order to overcome problems relating to the foundations of ... More

Usage-Based Linguistics  

Holger Diessel

Throughout the 20th century, structuralist and generative linguists have argued that the study of the language system (langue, competence) must be separated from the study of language use ... More

Variation in Phonology  

Arto Anttila

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Language is a system that maps meanings to forms, but the mapping is not always one-to-one. Variation means that one meaning corresponds to multiple forms, for example faster ~ more fast. ... More

William Labov  

Matthew J. Gordon

William Labov (b. 1927) is an American linguist who pioneered the study of variationist sociolinguistics. Born and raised in northern New Jersey, Labov studied English and philosophy at ... More

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