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Middle English  

Cynthia L. Allen

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Middle English is the name given to the English of the period from approximately 1100 to approximately 1450. This period is marked by substantial developments in all areas of English ... More

Missionary Dictionaries  

Otto Zwartjes

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Missionary dictionaries are printed books or manuscripts compiled by missionaries in which words are listed systematically followed by words which have the same meaning in another ... More

Missionary Grammars  

Otto Zwartjes

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Missionary grammars are printed books or manuscripts compiled by missionaries in which a particular language is described. These grammars were mainly written as pedagogical tools for ... More

Mixed Languages  

Felicity Meakins

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Mixed languages are a rare category of contact language which has gone from being an oddity of contact linguistics to the subject of media excitement, at least for one mixed language—Light ... More

Models of Human Sentence Comprehension in Computational Psycholinguistics  

John Hale

Computational models of human sentence comprehension help researchers reason about how grammar might actually be used in the understanding process. Taking a cognitivist approach, this ... More

Morphological and Syntactical Variation and Change in Catalan  

Gemma Rigau and Manuel Pérez Saldanya

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Morphological Change  

Carola Trips

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Morphological change refers to change(s) in the structure of words. Since morphology is interrelated with phonology, syntax, and semantics, changes affecting the structure and properties ... More

Morphological Entities: Overview and General Issues  

Laurie Bauer

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Subject:
Morphology
Some of the basic terminology for the major entities in morphological study is introduced, focusing on the word and elements within the word. This is done in a way which is deliberately ... More

Morphology and Phonotactics  

Maria Gouskova

Phonotactics is the study of restrictions on possible sound sequences in a language. In any language, some phonotactic constraints can be stated without reference to morphology, but many ... More

The Morphology of Uralic Languages  

Anna Sörés

Subject:
Morphology
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The Morphology of Yam Languages  

Matthew J. Carroll

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Morpho-Phonological Processes in Korean  

Jongho Jun

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
It has been an ongoing issue within generative linguistics how to properly analyze morpho-phonological processes. Morpho-phonological processes typically have exceptions, but nonetheless ... More

Morphosyntax of Dravidian Languages  

R. Amritavalli

Online publication date:
May 2017
The Dravidian languages, spoken mainly in southern India and south Asia, were identified as a separate language family between 1816 and 1856. Four of the 26 Dravidian languages, namely ... More

Morphosyntax of Himalayan Languages  

George van Driem

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Several language families and a few language isolates are represented in the Himalayas, the world’s greatest massif, running a length of over 3,600 km. The most well-represented language ... More

Multilingualism in Rural Africa  

Pierpaolo Di Carlo, Jeff Good, and Rachel Ojong Diba

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
The pervasiveness of multilingualism throughout the African continent has led it to be viewed as Africa’s “lingua franca.” Nevertheless, sociolinguistic research on this topic has ... More

Munda Languages  

Gregory D. S. Anderson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Munda language family constitutes the westernmost branch of the widespread Austroasiatic language family. Munda formerly was considered sister to the rest of the phylum, then known as ... More

Muskogean Languages  

Jack B. Martin

Online publication date:
May 2017
The Muskogean languages are a family of languages indigenous to the southeastern United States. Members of the family include Chickasaw, Choctaw, Alabama, Koasati, Apalachee, ... More

Natural Language Ontology  

Friederike Moltmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics
Natural language ontology is a branch of both metaphysics and linguistic semantics. Its aim is to uncover the ontological categories, notions, and structures that are implicit in the use ... More

Natural Morphology  

Wolfgang Dressler

Subject:
Morphology
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Nikolai Trubetzkoy  

Edwin L. Battistella

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Nikolai Trubetzkoy (1890–1938) was a Russian émigré scholar who settled in Austria in 1922, serving as Head of Slavic Linguistics at the University of Vienna and participating in the ... More

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