You are looking at  141-160 of 212 articles

View:

Noam Chomsky  

Howard Lasnik and Terje Lohndal

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Noam Avram Chomsky is one of the central figures of modern linguistics. He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on December 7, 1928. In 1945, Chomsky enrolled in the University of ... More

Nominalization: General Overview and Theoretical Issues  

Rochelle Lieber

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Nominalization refers both to the process by which complex nouns are created and to the complex nouns that are derived by that process. Nominalizations common in the languages of the world ... More

Nominal Reference  

Donka Farkas

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Semantics
Nominal reference is central to both linguistic semantics and philosophy of language. On the theoretical side, both philosophers and linguists wrestle with the problem of how the link ... More

Noun-Modifying Clause Construction in Japanese  

Yoshiko Matsumoto

The noun-modifying clause construction (NMCC) in Japanese is a complex noun phrase in which a prenominal clause is dependent on the head noun. Naturally occurring instances of the ... More

Number in Language  

Paolo Acquaviva

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Number is the category through which languages express information about the individuality, numerosity, and part structure of what we speak about. As a linguistic category it has a ... More

Okinawan Language  

Shinsho Miyara

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Within the Ryukyuan branch of the Japonic family of languages, present-day Okinawan retains numerous regional variants which have evolved for over a thousand years in the Ryukyuan ... More

Old and Middle Japanese  

Bjarke Frellesvig

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Old and Middle Japanese are the pre-modern periods of the attested history of the Japanese language. Old Japanese (OJ) is largely the language of the 8th century, with a modest, but still ... More

The Onomasiological Approach  

Jesús Fernández-Domínguez

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Origins of the Japanese Language  

Alexander Vovin

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The Northeast Asia is one of the unique points on the globe where there are many language isolates and portmanteau families. From a conservative point of view, the Japanese language is a ... More

Participial Relative Clauses  

Petra Sleeman

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Syntax
Relative clauses of which the predicate contains a present, past, or passive participle can be used in a reduced form. Although it has been shown that participial relative clauses cannot ... More

Passives and Syntax  

Artemis Alexiadou

Online publication date:
May 2017
Subject:
Syntax
Cross-linguistic differences in passive formation and the differences between verbal and adjectival passives reveal some of the core properties of the passive. In earlier stages of the ... More

Penutian Languages  

Anthony P. Grant

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The Penutian language family, Penutian phylum, or better still, Penutian hypothesis is one of the largest genealogical linguistic groupings to have been proposed for western North America. ... More

Personal Nouns (Agent Nouns) in the Romance Languages  

Riccardo Regis

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. As ... More

The Phonetics of Babbling  

Susan Rvachew and Abdulsalam Alhaidary

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Babbling is made up of meaningless speechlike syllables called canonical syllables. Canonical syllables are characterized by the coordination of consonantal and vocalic elements in ... More

Phonetics of Singing in Western Classical Style  

Johan Sundberg

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The function of the voice organ is basically the same in classical singing as in speech. However, loud orchestral accompaniment has necessitated the use of the voice in an economical way. ... More

Phonetics of Vowels  

Christine Ericsdotter Nordgren

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Speech sounds are commonly divided into two main categories in human languages: vowels, such as ‘e’, ‘a’, ‘o’, and consonants, such as ‘k’, ‘n’, ‘s’. This division is made on the basis of ... More

Phonological and Morphological Aspects of Reduplication  

Suzanne Urbanczyk

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Reduplication is a word-formation process in which all or part of a word is repeated to convey some form of meaning. A wide range of patterns are found in terms of both the form and ... More

Phonological Templates in Development  

Marilyn May Vihman

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Child phonological templates are idiosyncratic word production patterns. They can be understood as deriving, through generalization of patterning, from the very first words of the child, ... More

Phonological Variation and Change in Italian  

Alessandro Vietti

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The phonology of Italian is subject to considerable variability both at the segmental and at the prosodic level. Changes affect different features of the phonological system such as the ... More

Pidgin Languages  

Mikael Parkvall

Pidgin languages sometimes form in contact situations where a means of communication is urgently needed between groups lacking a common code. They are typically less elaborate than any of ... More

View: