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Abstract Nouns in the Romance Languages  

Philipp Burdy

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Accent in Japanese Phonology  

Haruo Kubozono

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The word accent system of Tokyo Japanese might look quite complex with a number of accent patterns and rules. However, recent research has shown that it is not as complex as has been ... More

Acceptability Judgments  

James Myers

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Acceptability judgments are reports of a speaker’s or signer’s subjective sense of the well-formedness, nativeness, or naturalness of (novel) linguistic forms. Their value comes in ... More

The Acquisition of Color Words  

Katie Wagner and David Barner

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Human experience of color results from a complex interplay of perceptual and linguistic systems. At the lowest level of perception, the human visual system transforms the visible light ... More

Acquisition of Pragmatics  

Myrto Grigoroglou and Anna Papafragou

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
To become competent communicators, children need to learn that what a speaker means often goes beyond the literal meaning of what the speaker says. The acquisition of pragmatics as a field ... More

African (Urban) Youth Languages  

Ellen Hurst

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
A growing phenomena in urban centers on the African continent in the latter half of the 20th century and start of the 21st century has been what have been described as Urban Youth ... More

Afroasiatic Languages  

Zygmunt Frajzyngier

Online publication date:
May 2018
Afroasiatic languages are the fourth largest linguistic phylum, spoken by some 350 million people in North, West, Central, and East Africa, in the Middle East, and in scattered communities ... More

Altaic Languages  

George Starostin

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
“Altaic” is a common term applied by linguists to a number of language families, spread across Central Asia and the Far East and sharing a large, most likely non-coincidental, number of ... More

Anaphora in Dravidian  

K. A. Jayaseelan

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Dravidian languages have a long-distance reflexive anaphor taan . (It is taan in Tamil and Malayalam, taanu in Kannada and tanu in Telugu.) As is the case with ... More

Aphasia from a Neurolinguistic Perspective  

Susan Edwards and Christos Salis

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Aphasia is an acquired language disorder subsequent to brain damage in the left hemisphere. It is characterized by diminished abilities to produce and understand both spoken and written ... More

Argument Realization and Case in Japanese  

Hideki Kishimoto

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Japanese is a language where the grammatical status of arguments and adjuncts is marked exclusively by postnominal case markers, and various argument realization patterns can be assessed ... More

Argument Realization in Syntax  

Malka Rappaport Hovav

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Words are sensitive to syntactic context. Argument realization is the study of the relation between argument-taking words, the syntactic contexts they appear in and the interpretive ... More

Articulatory Phonetics  

Marie K. Huffman

Online publication date:
May 2016
Articulatory phonetics is concerned with the physical mechanisms involved in producing spoken language. A fundamental goal of articulatory phonetics is to relate linguistic representations ... More

Artificial Languages  

Alan Reed Libert

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Artificial languages—languages which have been consciously designed—have been created for more than 900 years, although the number of them has increased considerably in recent decades, and ... More

Autosegmental Phonology  

William R. Leben

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Autosegments were introduced by John Goldsmith in his 1976 M.I.T. dissertation to represent tone and other suprasegmental phenomena. Goldsmith’s intuition, embodied in the term he created, ... More

Bare Nominals  

Bert Le Bruyn, Henriëtte de Swart, and Joost Zwarts

Online publication date:
May 2017
Bare nominals (also called “bare nouns”) are nominal structures without an overt article or other determiner. The distinction between a bare noun and a noun that is part of a larger ... More

Berber-Arabic Language Contact  

Maarten Kossmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Since the start of the Islamic conquest of the Maghreb in the 7th century ce, Berber and Arabic have been in continual contact. This has led to large-scale mutual influence. The ... More

Bilingualism and Multilingualism from a Socio-Psychological Perspective  

Tej K. Bhatia

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Bilingualism/multilingualism is a natural phenomenon worldwide. Unwittingly, however, monolingualism has been used as a standard to characterize and define bilingualism/multilingualism in ... More

Biolinguistics  

Cedric Boeckx and Pedro Tiago Martins

Online publication date:
May 2016
All humans can acquire at least one natural language. Biolinguistics is the name given to the interdisciplinary enterprise that aims to unveil the biological bases of this unique ... More

Blocking  

Franz Rainer

Blocking can be defined as the non-occurrence of some linguistic form, whose existence could be expected on general grounds, due to the existence of a rival form. *Oxes, for example, is ... More

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