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The Acquisition of Color Words  

Katie Wagner and David Barner

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Human experience of color results from a complex interplay of perceptual and linguistic systems. At the lowest level of perception, the human visual system transforms the visible light ... More

Argument Realization and Case in Japanese  

Hideki Kishimoto

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Japanese is a language where the grammatical status of arguments and adjuncts is marked exclusively by postnominal case markers, and various argument realization patterns can be assessed ... More

Argument Realization in Syntax  

Malka Rappaport Hovav

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Words are sensitive to syntactic context. Argument realization is the study of the relation between argument-taking words, the syntactic contexts they appear in and the interpretive ... More

Chinese Semantics  

Haihua Pan and Yuli Feng

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Cross-linguistic data can add new insights to the development of semantic theories or even induce the shift of the research paradigm. The major topics in semantic studies such as bare noun ... More

Clinical Linguistics  

Louise Cummings

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Clinical linguistics is the branch of linguistics that applies linguistic concepts and theories to the study of language disorders. As the name suggests, clinical linguistics is a ... More

Cognitively Oriented Theories of Meaning  

Peter Gärdenfors

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
There are two main theoretical traditions in semantics. One is based on realism, where meanings are described as relations between language and the world, often in terms of truth ... More

The Compositional Semantics of Modification  

Sebastian Bücking

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Modification is a combinatorial semantic operation between a modifier and a modifiee. Take, for example, vegetarian soup: the attributive adjective vegetarian modifies the nominal modifiee ... More

Compound and Complex Predicates in Japanese  

Taro Kageyama

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Compound and complex predicates—predicates that consist of two or more lexical items and function as the predicate of a single sentence—present an important class of linguistic objects ... More

Computational Semantics  

Katrin Erk

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Computational semantics performs automatic meaning analysis of natural language. Research in computational semantics designs meaning representations and develops mechanisms for ... More

Connectionism in Linguistic Theory  

Xiaowei Zhao

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Connectionism is an important theoretical framework for the study of human cognition and behavior. Also known as Parallel Distributed Processing (PDP) or Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), ... More

Conversational Implicature  

Nicholas Allott

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Conversational implicatures (i) are implied by the speaker in making an utterance; (ii) are part of the content of the utterance, but (iii) do not contribute to direct (or explicit) ... More

Coordination in Syntax  

Grant Goodall

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
The term coordination refers to the juxtaposition of two or more conjuncts often linked by a conjunction such as and or or. The conjuncts (e.g., our friend and your teacher in Our friend ... More

Copular Constructions in Syntax  

Marcel den Dikken and Teresa O’Neill

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Copular sentences (sentences of the form A is B) have been prominent on the research agenda for linguists and philosophers of language since classical antiquity, and continue to be ... More

Derivational Economy in Syntax and Semantics  

Željko Bošković and Troy Messick

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Economy considerations have always played an important role in the generative theory of grammar. They are particularly prominent in the most recent instantiation of this approach, the ... More

Derivational Morphology  

Rochelle Lieber

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Derivational morphology is a type of word formation that creates new lexemes, either by changing syntactic category or by adding substantial new meaning (or both) to a free or bound base. ... More

Determiners  

Phoevos Panagiotidis

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Determiners are a nominal syntactic category distinct from both adjectives and nouns; they constitute a functional (aka closed or ‘minor’) category and they are typically located high ... More

Displacement in Syntax  

Klaus Abels

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Displacement is a ubiquitous phenomenon in natural languages. Grammarians often speak of displacement in cases where the rules for the canonical word order of a language lead to the ... More

Evaluatives in Morphology  

Nicola Grandi

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Evaluative morphology is a field of linguistic studies that deals with the formation of diminutives, augmentatives, pejoratives, and amelioratives. Actually, evaluative constructions cross ... More

Experimental Pragmatics  

Florian Schwarz

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
While both pragmatic theory and experimental investigations of language using psycholinguistic methods have been well-established subfields in the language sciences for a long time, the ... More

Generative Grammar  

Knut Tarald Taraldsen

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This article presents different types of generative grammar that can be used as models of natural languages focusing on a small subset of all the systems that have been devised. The ... More

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